Cucurbitaceae family is notorious for their space-hogging and sprawling habit due to which they required a…
Zucchini grow as a big sprawling plant that requires a considerable amount of garden space to grow. It cannot be adjustable in a small pot. For this, you required a considerable size of pot, patio and considerable size of the container to overcome the space challenges to grow on the balcony. Side by side you can even also grow compact varieties of zucchini to grow in pots like Jackpot hybrid, Geode, Eightball and Raven.
Here in this article, I will guide you, how to grow zucchini in pots.
Material for plantation:
There are the following things you need to grow zucchini in pots.
- Container, at least 5 gallon
- Commercial potting mixture
The requirement for zucchini pot plantation:
To do anything you required certain requirements, so here is the requirement you required for zucchini plantation.
Choosing a container:
The container should be 12-18 inches deep and wide similarly for the cultivation of zucchini. Side by side it should have a minimum of 4-5 gallons of holding capacity. Whether you decide on plastic, ceramic or terracotta but ensure that the container should have drainage holes.
Plastic pots are cheaper and light-weight but they are also non-porous and will encourage water-logging. Ceramic pots are attractive but heavy and non-porous. However earthen pots being porous and aesthetic which offer the best balance.
Selection of location:
Place your planting container in a very sunny location. The place should receive 6-8 hours of sun exposure that will work fine for the plant.
Selection of potting soil:
Zucchini require moist, organic and well-draining potting mix to thrive and flourish. Confirm to use an aerated soil mixture. It should be loose enough to permit water retention, yet compact to empty the surplus water. They grow best in mildly acidic soil of having pH 6-7.5.
Zucchini is a warm-weather crop that does best in bright, filtered sunlight. The daytime temperature is around 70oF and night time temperature is about 40oF which is conducive for his or her growth. Wait till the soil has attained a minimum of a 60oF before starting seeds. Plants grown in cold soil show stunted growth.
Zucchini may be a pretty bulky plant, producing up to 10 pounds of fruit during the season. Maintain a 2-4 ft spacing between the adjacent plants. This also allows air circulation and prevents the spread of diseases.
Zucchini needs optimum levels of water to grow around the year. Ensure the topsoil stays damp, and also the soil remains moist till one-inch at least. Within the summer months, you will water the plant thrice per week and reduce this frequency during rainfall. Ideally, watering in down allows the foliage to dry off by nighttime, preventing the colonization of pathogenic pests.
Avoid overhead watering system, because it mainly directs the water on the foliage, promoting diseases successively. Instead, trickle water slowly into the soil so it gets ample time to penetrate before running off. If you reside in a very region subjected to heavy rains, manual watering with a hose is a cheap option.
Steps to grow zucchini in pots:
Here are different steps to grow zucchini in pots.
- First fill the container with a minimum capacity of five-gallon of soil within an inch of the highest employing a good quality commercial potting mixture that contains soil, peat moss, perlite, and compost. Always prefer a container with a drainage hole, without proper drainage and zucchini plants are likely to rot.
- Apply water to the potting mixture thoroughly to settle the soil. If necessary, add more soil to settles down.
- After settling the soil, read out the seed packet carefully to see the type of squash for staking. The bush-type zucchini might not be stacked while vining varieties require proper support to climb. Place the support like a tomato cage before the zucchini plantation.
- Always place the container where the plant can get maximum sunlight all day long. Then plant 5-6 zucchini seeds within the center of the container and cover it with one-half inch of soil.
- After plantation water them daily. Water will keep the soil moist not soggy. Check the container daily, especially during warm weather. Do not allow the soil to become completely dry especially during the initial 3-4 weeks.
- After irrigation, fertilize the plant every other week throughout the summer. Apply balanced water-soluble fertilizer with a balanced ratio like 20-20-20 according to the specification of each variety. Always apply irrigation before the application of fertilizer.
- Thin the zucchini seedlings as soon because the seeds germinate. Cut the smaller seedlings, leaving the most important two seedlings intact. When the seedlings reach about 8-10 inches, bring to a halt the weakest seedling, leaving only 1 healthy seedling within the container. Do not pull the seedlings. Instead, snip them with scissors as pulling may damage the roots of the remaining zucchini seedlings.
- Harvest the zucchini when the fruit is 6 inches long. Reckoning on the range, the harvest begins between 45 and 60 days after the seeds germinate.
Zucchini container care:
Once the seeds start sprouting, water the zucchini plant deeply whenever the highest 2 inches of soil feels dry to the touch, then allow the highest of the soil to dry before watering again. Zucchini could be a sun-loving plant that needs a minimum of 6-8 hours of sunlight per day, eight to 10 hours is even better. Feed the zucchini plants every four weeks, employing a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer. Alternatively, mix a time-release fertilizer into the potting mix at planting time. Betting on the range, zucchini plants will likely require stakes to support the long vines. A tomato cage inserted into the container works. Install the cage at planting time to stop accidental damage to the plant. Dwarf varieties might not require staking.
- Instead of planting the seed, you will be able to plant small zucchini plants. Starter plants are available at nursery or garden center.
- Always wear gloves while harvesting or trimming zucchini because the stems have prickles.
- Sterilize the scissors between cuts by dipping them into lotion, Lysol, pine-sol or other household cleaners.
If you do not have a backyard garden or enough space, by adopting the above mention steps you can grow your zucchini in a pot
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