If you live in a small house or apartment, a terraced vegetable garden lets you cultivate your own vegetables. Many people want to make a terrace garden, but they do not know how to start? Here in this article, we guide you on how to utilize your space by organic terrace vegetable farming.
Home grow fresh vegetables have many benefits as they are good for health, delicious in taste and free from chemicals but due to urbanization, it becomes a dream for people. In the recent past, people had a culture of backyard kitchen farming but it also vanishes. Due to scarcity of space apartments are becoming popular as more people live in relatively less space. In today’s urban life where we have limited space for our garden, terrace vegetable garden is a perfect solution to enjoy fresh home grow vegetables.There are some really amazing secrets to convert your terrace into a vegetable garden. These alternatives are an eye-catcher, space-saving and therapeutic in nature.
Why Cultivate Vegetables on The Terrace Garden:
Here are some benefits to use a terrace garden for organic vegetable cultivation.
- If you are cultivating vegetables, then you can enjoy fresh, delicious and organic vegetables, which taste is more nutritious and healthy because they are free from fertilizer and pesticides.
- It provides you happiness by relieving daily stress and anxiety.
- Through it, you remain connected with nature.
- They provide fresh air and help in maintaining your health.
- Terrace garden lowers the temperature of your surrounding environment by absorbing carbon dioxide and respiration.
- You and your family, especially children can utilize the garden space in their spare time.
- It improves the look of your property and adds value to it.
- Terrace farming is the secret weapon against waste management. In it, kitchen waste can be used as compost which in return added into the soil of the terrace garden.
Key Steps to Make Terrace Garden for Vegetable Cultivation:
There are some important steps to take into consideration while using terrace for vegetable cultivation.
- Protective measure to cultivate vegetable on terrace garden:First of all, check the sustainability of the building because the plants have considerable weight so be sure that the roof is quite sustainable to bear the weight of the plants. Second is the waterproofing of your rooftop and make it sure, it should be sound to avoid the leakage problem. The waterproof layer must be covered with the insulation layer.
The third is the drainage of water; it is required when the entire surface of soil cover with soil. For plant required absorption of water and nutrients for its growth. For this purpose, the soil must be porous allowing air movement and drainage of water because in water logging condition plants will not grow. Hence the drainage layer on the terrace is a must. Thus a drainage layer must be provided above the insulation layer to drain the excess water. Drainage mats are commonly used for this purpose.To prevent the plant-soil loss and keep the soil and planting medium in place another layer used is composed of burnt coal and sand.
If we are using pots, then there is no need to do extra effort just provide drainage for extra water. Next is to establish the source of water near to the terrace otherwise it would be hectic to water the plants. On the terrace, there is high wind speed as compared to grounds. If average wind speed throughout the year is high, then it will affect the vegetable terrace garden so trellis should be installed on your roof. They do not only help in breaking the speed of wind but can also use them for vertical gardening.
- Make a layout of terrace garden for vegetable cultivationAfter protection of the terrace first, make the layout plane according to which plants are placed on the terrace. Check the area of terrace which receives maximum sunlight and which remains under shade and place plant under sunlight. Another reason for proper layout is the effective utilization of the terrace space.There different ways to cultivate vegetables on the terrace garden which depend on the availability of space.
Make a regular terrace garden with earthen pots
If you have less space than earthen pots are the best solution. You can grow any type of vegetable in it but make sure the pot should be deep which is good for the proper establishment of the root system. You can also use a planter box instead of earthen pots because of earthen pots some time not available.
Use sandpit for the establishment of the terrace garden
From a small, simple wooden sandpit, you can also grow fresh vegetables. This looks not only attractive but provides your plants with the finest space to flourish.
Just fill the quality compost with the soil in the sandbox, you can grow all sorts of small vegetables mainly low growing that spreads too much.
Raised terrace bed for vegetable cultivation
It is the most convenient way to raise vegetables on the terrace if you have a large space. Just establish raise beds, they not only give a stylish look but also give more vegetables as compare to earthen pots.
Integrated vegetable garden on the terrace
If you have a large rooftop, then you can grow vegetable n terrace by integrated technique. It is just like a normal garden.
Vertical terrace vegetable garden
We can also utilize the vertical space by hanging planter along the wall. Make sure that the planter should place along the wall which had less interaction with sunlight because excessive heat may cause heat stress for plants.
Establish a vegetable garden on the terrace with a useless thing
We can establish a garden on the terrace for vegetable cultivation by using empty plastic bottles, plastic tubs, damage bathtubs, damage washbasin, empty water bottles, damage wooden ladder and old vehicle tires. So it is the best way to use spare things.
Select Vegetables for Terrace Garden
Different types of vegetables are grown in the terrace garden
|• Tomatoes||• Carrots|
|• Cucumbers||• Beetroot|
|• Radishes||• Lettuce|
|• Beans||• Garlic|
|• Potatoes||• Chilies and Peppers|
|• Onions||• Gourds|
|• Eggplant (Brinjal)||• Spinach|
|• peppermint||• Ladyfinger|
Select the perfect soil to plant the seed
The right type of soil is very important because the nutrient decide the growth of the plant. Ordinary soil cannot be used in terrace garden, for this purpose we required a perfect combination of regular soil, peat and vermicompost in equal quantity. Further this soil can be enriched with farm yard manure or cereal bran , it is best source of organic nutrients.
Now you can assemble the required material and start gardening. You can easily setup your terrace garden, with these simple steps. It is advisable to start with few plants and then increase the numbers according to your requirements.
Tips for terrace farming:
- After each rainfall add farmyard manure to enrich the soil because the nutrient is leach down due to the rainwater.
- Farmyard manure should be one-year-old otherwise due to the decomposition some gases are released and they burn the plant.
- Water the plant on a daily basis and according to the requirement some time temperature rise and plants required 2-time water a day.
- Protect them from extreme climate by covering them because the plant cannot tolerate the extremes of temperature thy effect the internal physiological process of the plant which leads to stress.
- Examine the plants on a daily basis and protect them from all types of pests.
- Clean the garden and use dry leaves as compost.
- Grow vegetables according to their season and environment because every vegetable cannot grow in every season.
- Grow them where they remain under maximum sunlight but under extreme hot days protect them with shade.
Terrace garden requires proper maintenance and care so treat the plants as your own babies if you care for them, at last, they give you return.