Climate change is the main issue of this century due to which we have to face extreme weather conditions. The vegetable garden is more prone to these extreme weather conditions. One of them is global warming, due to which the temperature of earthrise due to greenhouse gases. In which once radiation of sun came to earth they cannot bounce back to which result ultimately in the form of a rise in temperature. In this article, I will tell you how to protect your vegetable garden from hot weather conditions by using shade cloth.
What is shade fabric?
Shade cloth is a simple knit or woven fabric that is designed to reduce the number of sun rays that influences the vegetable garden. They come in a range of colors and densities depending upon the quantity of solar radiation to be blocked and what type of vegetable plants need protection.
The need for shade cloth:
Some vegetable is very tender and extremes hot condition, which had brutal effects of them. Extreme radiation not only burns the plants but also reduces the amount of moisture in the soil which leads to the drought condition due to which sometimes sensitive plants show wilting symptoms and in verse situation they dead. Extreme temperature act as stress for the vegetable garden if the plant saves itself from death then it may affect the quality of the food which result in for of bitter taste, change in color, etc. which ultimately affect their shelf life. Moreover, repeated irrigate the vegetable garden is hectic and energy consuming so the best solution to cope with these conditions by using shade cloth.
Benefits of using shade cloth:
Here are several benefits which you can get by using shade cloth for your vegetable garden.
Protection from radiation: It protects the vegetable from extreme radiation of sun which affect the different physiological process of the plants.
Retention of soil moisture: By using this fabric you can retain the moisture in the soil because the sun rays had no direct connection with the soil.
Economical: It is easy to use. It also cut down the excess cost of irrigation and fertilizer.
Protection from pest: It is also useful in defending your vegetable garden from the attack of insects and birds.
Types of Shade cloth use for vegetable garden
Shade cloth divided into different types on the basis of fabric used for knitting, color, and density percentage.
On the basis of fabric shade cloth is divided into two types.
Knitted shade cloth
It is made up of lightweight polyethylene. It provides resistance against UV light. It textures in the form of open lockstitch design which is resistant to damage, reduces heat buildup and wind speed inside the vegetable garden. It is long life expectancy and resistant to olericulture chemical and detergent
Woven shade cloth
It is made up of 100% polypropylene. It provides solar protection to the vegetable garden. It shrinks and stretches less then knitted shade fiber.
Color of Shade cloth
One of the foremost common colors for shade fabric is black and green. There also are alternative colors on the market like white, red, yellow and blue.
There is additionally a special style of the colored shade fabric. It is known as an aluminate shaded artifact. This can be used as an alternative for black shade cloths. It is a reflective metalized high-density polythene unwoven screen. It is specifically wont to shield the plant the plants against frost radiation damages and also prevent oxidization.
The density of the shade cloth
Shade cloth with a 10% percent density is perfect for sun-loving plants, 30% density cloth is greatest for more sun-sensitive plants. This weight of the cloth can also deliver some protection from the dehydrating possessions of wind. A cloth of 40% percent or more is good for greenhouse applications. During the hot summer months, a shade percentage of 30-50% is ideal for vegetables, while 80-90% is ideal for sheltering people. Most plants will grow best with a maximum of 40% – 60% shade. However, when growing some shade loving plants require 75% or higher may be needed to get correct light levels.
Installation of shade cloth over the vegetable garden
To use shade material, first, confirm what quantity of sun rays is required by every kind of vegetable. It is better to made crop models for each vegetable plant according to the required degree days for their growth. Some plant needs full sun rays like peppers and tomatoes. Others grow with less sunlight, together with lettuce, spinach, cauliflower, and most beans. Seedling at the time of transplantation required less sunlight until they establish.
Once you have chosen the density of shade fiber appropriate for your vegetable plants then installing is simple. You require a locking clip grommet. If you have clipping grommets, then further no tool is required to fasten the cloth at the desired position. It creates an ideal tie-down point for your shade cloth. You have another option you can suspend the cloth above the plant by using either wood, metal or plastic framing. You can also hang it between two tree poles. To ensure the proper circulation there should be at least 24 inches’ difference maintain between the vegetable plant and shade cloth. Also, maintain the height of cloth and plant growth increased with the passage of time. Shade fabric ought to be removed within the evening to permit greater air circulation. Most shade fabric can last many years if used throughout the traditional season and so rolled up till successive year.
So now what are you waiting for? go and protect your vegetable garden with shade cloth if you protect your skin with sunscreen then why not you use sunscreen for your plants.