Peppermint is typically used in teas, jellies, deserts, and salads.
For centuries, all plant parts – flowers, leaves, roots, and stems – have been used in folk medicine to treat a number of health issues, including gastrointestinal distress and respiratory illnesses.
A tea made of dried leaves is sometimes consumed to relieve a sore throat. Although mint grows wild in North America, root stock was introduced by English settlers, and by the 1790s crops for distillation of the essential oil were commercially grown in Massachusetts.
- Extremely fragrant.
- Sweet smelling.
- Acts as a natural wasp repellant.
- Can be used as a garnish on ice cream and drinks.
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And this frost-hardy perennial even grows year-round in regions with warm winters. Now, you may have heard of mint’s legendary spreading properties. And that you should avoid planting it in the garden to prevent it from “taking over.” But that doesn’t mean you can’t enjoy growing this lovely herb. This just means it’s vigorous and easy to grow.
Mint is a highly aromatic, perennial herb in the genus Mentha of the . The genus contains approximately 20 species and numerous natural hybrids that occur in the overlap areas of different growing ranges. Peppermint, M. x piperita is one such hybrid, formed by the cross-pollination of M. aquatica and M.
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M. x piperita. Photo by Lorna Kring. vegetable. In their natural environment, plants thrive along marsh edges, in meadows, along stream banks, and woodland fringes – growing 12 to 36 inches tall at maturity. Most species are native to temperate regions of Africa, Asia, or Europe, with a few indigenous to Australia (M.
arvensis and M. canadensis). The presence of pungent essential oils gives Mentha its attractive fragrance that fills the surrounding area with a sweet perfume. Plants are easily identified by their bright scent and refreshing taste, and by the square stems typical of Lamiaceae family members. Tiny blooms in terminal racemes form flowering spires on tall spikes, and smaller flower tufts often form in the leaf axis.
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Leaves have a serrated edge and can have either a smooth or fuzzy texture. They come in all shades of green – with some variegated types as well. Fast growing, plants send out runners (stolons) above and below ground to quickly establish large, lush colonies. For this reason, they need to be contained when planting, if you don’t want them to take over – or only planted in areas where you don’t mind them spreading freely.
It’s also widely used in candies, teas, and toiletries – as well as aromatherapy and herbal remedies. According to an article by Monica H. Carlsen et al, published in , Mentha has a very high antioxidant capacity, and has long been recognized for its aromatic, medicinal, and therapeutic properties. The name originates from a Greek myth about a river nymph and means “having a sweet smell - grow organic vegetables.” A versatile herb, it has been cultivated for cooking and medicinal properties throughout history.
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For centuries, all plant parts – flowers, leaves, roots, and stems – have been used in folk medicine to treat a number of health issues, including gastrointestinal distress and respiratory illnesses. A tea made of dried leaves is sometimes consumed to relieve a sore throat. Although mint grows wild in North America, root stock was introduced by English settlers, and by the 1790s crops for distillation of the essential oil were commercially grown in Massachusetts.
Mentha seed is tiny – approximately 14,000 seeds per gram – and difficult to germinate. And, being an avid cross breeder, seeds produce variable results – often with different taste and appearance than that of the parent plants. I have an unintentional patch of minty oregano from this cross-pollination trait – it’s very tasty in icy drinks! Commercial growers propagate vegetatively, and root division or stem cuttings give the best results for home gardeners.
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Choose a rootbound container plant and gently remove the rootball from the pot. Using a hand saw or garden shears, cut the rootball into quarters. Photo by Lorna Kring. Fill small 2- to 4-inch pots or trays with a soil mix of 1/3 well aged compost, 1/3 vermiculite or peat moss, and 1/3 landscape sand. grow organic vegetables.
Repot 2 or 3 of the quarters in fresh soil and divide the remaining quarter to create several smaller root cuttings, each with at least one stem. Trim off the top growth and prune the hairy roots to fit in your containers. Set the cuttings in place then top up with soil and firm gently.
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Choose strong stems with fresh, healthy green leaves. Photo by Lorna Kring. Cut off 4- to 6-inch pieces, removing the lower 3 or 4 sets of leaves. Cut the stem just below a set of leaf nodes to prevent the stem from curling in water. Longer stems are preferable because roots sprout from the leaf nodes – more leaf nodes from long stems means more roots and a strong plant.
The roots start to form in 10 to 14 days and can be planted out in 3 to 4 weeks. Once a strong root system has formed, pot up the stems into containers 6 to 8 inches deep and wide, filled with sterile, well-draining potting soil - Seeds. Firm the soil around the stems and water gently.
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Once new growth emerges in spring, feed with an all-purpose, water soluble . Fertilize once more mid-way through the growing season if needed. After plants are established, harvest leaves regularly by pinching out the tops. New leaves are more flavorful and tender than the older ones, and pinching promotes bushy growth.
Use large containers measuring 8 to 24 inches in diameter and with a similar depth. Sink the containers into garden beds leaving the top two inches of the rim above ground. This helps to prevent runners from escaping into fertile soil and establishing new plants. Improve the soil with 1/3 aged compost or other rich organic matter and 1/3 landscape sand to improve drainage.
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Turn pots in the ground every 14 to 28 days to stop the roots from spreading through the drainage holes. Alternatively, plant directly into the ground in an area where you don’t mind it spreading. Consider burying some metal flashing or landscape edging 8 inches deep around the plant to prevent it from taking over.
Mulch pots and in-ground plants with a to retain moisture and keep weeds in check. Mentha plants tolerate a light frost, but the top growth will eventually die back in winter. In autumn, cut back stems to the ground and cover with a 2-inch (growfoodguide). While humans are quite enamored of this herb, many animals and insects are not.
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In the garden, grow near and to deter cabbage moths. Grow mint in containers of rich, well-draining soil amended with 1/3 organic matter such as aged compost. growfoodguide.com. You can add 1/3 landscape sand to improve drainage if needed. Photo by Lorna Kring. Ensure pots have plenty of drainage material – such as broken pottery, gravel, or pebbles – at the bottom and keep soil moist but not wet.
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The most popular varieties for home cultivation include spearmint (M. spicata), peppermint (M. x piperita), wild mint (M. arvensis), and Scotchmint (M. x gracilis). M. x piperita is one of the more well-known species and is a favorite for use in beverages, desserts, and sweets because of its strong menthol flavor.
Seeds in biodegradable peat pods are available from . You can also pick up a 3-pack of plants . M. x piperita ‘Variegata’ offers a different look, with pretty two-tone leaves of deep green and buttery-cream – but the same zesty scent and taste of peppermint. 3-packs of variegated plants are .
x piperita ‘Peppermint Chocolate’ is another popular type often seen in local nurseries – probably because of its name! This variety has brown stems and the leaves have a chocolate-mint aroma and flavor, making it perfect for use in cold drinks and tea (growfoodguide). 3-packs of plants are . M. spicata has long been popular with herbalists and , and has less menthol giving it a sweet, fresh taste.
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4-inch plants are available from . Or you can pick up seeds by the packet or in bulk - grow organic vegetables. M. x piperita f. citrata ‘Orange’ has a strong citrus scent and flavor that makes it popular in cold beverages, salads, teas, and with fruit or ice cream. Find plants in 3-packs .
suaveolens ‘Pineapple’ is an attractive, variegated cultivar, typically with white margins on its leaves and a light, citrusy fragrance. Pick up 3-packs of variegated pineapple mint plants . The Mint Julep Collection is just right for the bartender! The 3-pack of plants contains ‘Kentucky Colonel’ and ‘Orange’ Mentha as well as Honey Dip stevia (Stevia rebaudiana) – perfect for sipping cool ones on a warm summer’s eve! The 3-piece collection is .
Menthas are typically low maintenance, but there are a few problems to watch for. There are a couple of different insect pests that might like to munch on your mint. Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that can cause damage by sucking sap and spreading fungal disease. A strong jet of water from the garden hose quickly reduces aphid populations.
Keep plants off the ground and ensure good air circulation. The spores overwinter in plant debris, so clean beds well in fall and remember to rotate crops. Avoid splashing water onto lower leaves. Mint rust is another fungus that causes small brown, orange, or yellow pustules on undersides of leaves.
Heat treating the roots may help to control rust. To do this, immerse roots in hot water, 111°F, for 10 minutes then cool under running water and plant as usual. Powdery mildew is another fungus that can also show up in moist, damp conditions, coating leaves and stems in a fuzzy dusting that weakens and damages plants.
Thin plants if needed to improve air circulation and don’t water until the top 1-inch of soil is dry (growfoodguide). It’s perhaps unsurprising that these moisture-loving plants can be plagued with fungal diseases. If fungi are persistent, treat with a fungicide compatible for organic gardening like Bonide, . The quality of the volatile oils that give mint its characteristic flavor is best during the long days of summer when plants receive 14 hours of daylight or more.
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Harvest on a sunny day by shearing the tops of the plants after the morning dew has dried. Cut stems to just above the first or second set of leaves. Plants can be harvested 3 or 4 times a year and frequent harvesting helps to keep them bushy. Like most herbs, mint is best enjoyed fresh.
Sprigs will keep fresh in the fridge for up to 7 days. Photo by Lorna Kring. Rinse cuttings and lightly shake off excess water. Gently wrap leaves in a damp paper towel and place the paper towel inside a loosely sealed plastic bag or storage container. Refrigerate the container. Or, trim the stem ends and place them in a small glass of water.
Rinse your harvest under cold, running water and dry in a salad spinner or pat dry with a clean dish towel. Tie several stems together into small bunches of 10 to 25 stems and hang upside down in paper bags. Choose a cool, dry location with ample air circulation. When leaves are dry and crumbly, in 1 to 2 weeks, strip them from the stem and store in airtight containers in a cool, dark cupboard.
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You can also pop in a few berries for a fruity twist or add some fresh tarragon for a hint of licorice. Once frozen, remove the cubes and store in an airtight container for up to three months. Whole leaves can also be frozen for use in sauces, smoothies, soups, stews, and teas.
Place leaves in a single layer on a baking sheet and freeze for 2 to 3 hours. After the leaves are frozen, remove them from the baking sheet and place in airtight containers in the freezer where they will last up to 3 months (vegetable). Fresh mint makes a lovely complement to fish, lamb, and poultry and can spruce up lightly steamed veggies like baby carrots, peas, and new potatoes.
It’s flavor can enhance beverages such as lemonade, punch, and herbal teas. And a julep or mojito would be nowhere without the cooling zest of mint! For cooking, bear in mind that peppermint’s flavor is mentholated. That means it’s cool and strong, making it well-suited for alcohol-based drinks, desserts, and sweets.
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To enjoy your crop, why not start off with a Tomatillo-Jito from ? This refreshing beverage is a tart twist on a classic cocktail. Photo by Kendall Vanderslice. , you might enjoy Spicy Pork Tacos with Peach and Corn Salsa, where the herb adds a special pop to the flavorful salsa.
Allow a few pots to bloom and place throughout the garden – they’ll repel unfriendly pests and . In the right place, mint makes a pretty and fragrant seasonal ground cover. But remember, it’s a spreader and should only be planted where it won’t become invasive. It loves moist areas and is a natural along stream banks, lightly shaded meadows, and the fringe areas around marshes and ponds.
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Remember to provide plenty of supplemental water and prune or pinch regularly, and that’s about it. Oh, and don’t plant it in the ground unless you have a few acres you want quickly covered in this herb! Have you ever grown mint? Did it take over your whole yard, or did you put it in a container? Tell us your minty tales in the comments below.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for more details. Originally published on May 8, 2018. Last updated April 14, 2020. Product photos via Bonnie Plants, Bonide, Burpee, Click and Grow, Eden Brothers, and Safer Brand. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. With additional writing by Lorna Kring. The staff at Gardener’s Path are not medical professionals and this article should not be construed as medical advice intended to assess, diagnose, prescribe, or promise cure.
Always consult with a medical professional before changing your diet or using plant-based remedies or supplements for health and wellness. A former garden editor for a daily newspaper in Austin, Texas, Gretchen Heber goes through entirely too many pruners and garden gloves in a year’s time. gardening. She’s never met a succulent she didn’t like and gets really irritated every 3-4 years when Austin actually has a freeze cold enough to kill them.
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And it’s definitely time for a happy dance when she’s able to beat the squirrels to the peaches, figs, or loquats.
Mint is a perennial herb with squared, four-sided stems with opposite leaves and small-lipped flowers. All parts of the plants are pungent. Most mint plants spread rampantly, forming a thick mat of spreading stolons (creeping underground stems) just under the surface of the ground. This is why you should always plant mint containers — even in the garden — to keep it from running amok.
Most do well in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 3 to 8, but check the specific species you want before buying.The genus Mentha has many cultivars, and it's worth growing several varieties since so many foods taste better with a touch of mint. While peppermint and spearmint are the most familiar, herb gardeners can also grow the furry apple mint, orange mint, and the popular chocolate mint.
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Ivannag82Getty Images Snip leaves or sprigs as needed. To harvest in quantity, cut stems to within an inch or so above the ground. You can make several harvests, depending on the length of the season. Hang mint in loose bunches to air dry, or dry individual leaves on a tray in a food dehydrator.
Enjoy aromatic mint teas hot or iced — like this great recipe for minty iced tea with a little fresh-squeezed lime juice. Peppermint tea, a centuries-old remedy, can calm an upset stomach. Add chopped fresh leaves to lamb, rice, salads, or cooked vegetables. Don't forget about mint-infused cocktails and peppermint-flavored desserts, either.
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Varieties of mint (Mentha) are some of the easiest and most popular herbs to grow (gardening). Plants in the mint family are very hardy perennials with vigorous growth habits. Mint, left to its own devices, will spread quickly and become a nuisance. However, it is very useful as a flavorful culinary herb and the plants can certainly be grown without much care.
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Mint really wants to be a ground cover. The long branches grow upward and then flop over and root, spreading the plant wherever it can reach. The spikes of white or pinkish flowers are attractive, brief, and do attract bees, butterflies, and even birds. Mints are easy to identify and not just because of their spicy scent.
Mentha genus Mint, peppermint, and spearmint Perennial 12 to 18 inches tall and 18 to 24 inches wide Partial shade Rich and moist Slightly acidic to neutral Summer Purple, pink, or white Depending on the variety, 3 through 11 Eurasia, North America, southern Africa, and Australia There is not really much that mint needs besides moisture and rich soil.
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The only maintenance required will be to make sure that you keep the mint in check and watch for overgrowth. It will take over your garden if you let it. Harvest or shear the plants to keep them lush with leaves (grow organic vegetables). Mint plants prefer partial shade. You can grow it in full sun if you water it frequently.
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It is probably best to water the plants in the morning so that they have plenty of moisture by the time the hotter afternoon sun hits. Hardiness will depend on the variety you are growing, but mints are widely adaptable. Peppermint (Mentha piperita) is very cold hardy able to withstand the cooler temperatures in USDA hardiness zone 3.
If you are growing your mint indoors, you will need to provide humidity. You can achieve this by misting the plant between waterings or set the container on a water-filled tray of pebbles. Feed container mint a balanced, all-purpose liquid fertilizer in early spring when new growth emerges. Fertilize every four to six weeks after that and throughout the growing season (Read more).
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As an edible herb, it is non-toxic to humans. However, according to the ASPCA, the essential oils in mint are toxic to dogs, cats, and horses. If a lot is ingested, it can cause vomiting and diarrhea - growfoodguide.com. To contain the roots and limit spreading, you can grow mint in containers, above or sunk into the ground.
It might be best to keep them on patios or paved areas because they will root and spread wherever they touch the ground. Even in pots, there will be more than enough to harvest and you will not have to worry about the high maintenance of keeping the plants in check.
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That is the time to cut the plants back by one-third to one-half. This will encourage them to send out fresh new foliage again, with good sized leaves. You can do small patches at a time, if you have a lot of mint, and prolong the harvest season. Remember, all cuttings can be used, dried, or frozen for later use.
And, you can always start new plants from seed. Although, most mint plants are hybrids and will not grow true from seed. Sow outdoors in late spring or start seed indoors about eight to 10 weeks before the last frost. Keep soil moist until the seed germinates. Mint seed germinates in 10 to 15 days.
The Spruce / Jordan Provost If you're ready to grow mint, try these varieties: Mentha piperita (Peppermint): This is the best for mint flavoring. It grows in USDA zones 3 through 11.Mentha piperita citrata (Orange mint): This is one of the tangiest of the fruit-flavored mints. It grows in USDA zones 4 through 11.Mentha suaveoloens (Apple mint): It combines the flavors of apple and mint (gardening).
Plant your mint where you can control it. Don't think just because you put it in a pot that is sufficient. Keep your eye on the pots too: mint can crack clay pots and escape into the neighboring area. Unless you want mint everywhere, grub out all those pesky runners that find their way into the soil as soon as possible.
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Don't put more than one kind of mint in a pot. If you mix your different kinds of mints up in the same pot, either one mint will smother the rest or they will get so mixed up, it will be difficult to tell them apart. Mint likes full sun and lots of water.
Mint is hardy to zone 5 and likes almost any garden soil. When you cut Mint, cut all the way back to the ground. If you want to enjoy the many different colors of flowers, cut them off before the seed is ripe. Remember that when an herb is flowering it is not making lots of nice leaves to cook with.
Mint grown in pots needs to be divided every year and repotted with fresh . It will fill its pot quickly and crowd itself out to the point of extinction. For more on repotting Mint, visit .
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Growing mint is an easy and rewarding experience. Many people enjoy windowsill herb gardens that reside on a kitchen counter or table. It is one of several herbs that can grow well indoors, but several factors impact the ability to grow it. The growing container, soil type, propagation methods, light requirements, and pruning methods are very important when growing indoors.
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It is even considered invasive within some regions of the world. Mint prefers a soil that is moderately rich with a pH between 6 and 7. Sterilized soil is recommended. Mixing sand into the soil facilitates drainage. It is an adaptive plant that can grow in different soil types, so pH and soil richness is not extremely stressed.
Mint is heavy on resources and can exhaust nutrients quickly. Amending the soil with rich compost several times a year will also increase fertility. Mulch added to the top of the soil will create a layer that keeps the root zone cool and reduces watering (vegetable). Mulch also creates a barrier to help suppress weeds, bacteria, and pathogens.
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Cuttings and divisions are the most common and easiest propagation methods, but some varieties will germinate from seed. Cuttings can be taken in the spring, and divisions can be performed in the fall. Perform a cutting by snipping off a sprig of mint above an axil (junction of a leaf and supporting stem), then place the sprigs into a cup of moist perlite and vermiculite 50/50 mix.
Cuttings can also be successful when simply placed into a glass of clean water. The cuttings should be several inches long and consist of new growth. Old growth has a difficult time transitioning into a rooting stage. Little white roots will appear on the cut end of the sprig within one to two weeks.
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Rooting hormones are available in powder or water-soluble form. Apply the hormone onto the freshly cut-end of a sprig. Dividing mint is very easy. Simply dig up or remove a mature plant from a container, and use a shovel to separate the plant and root mass into halves. The two masses can then be planted in different containers.
Certain varieties of mint can grow from seeds, but most have a low viability ratio. Germination requires much more attention and care compared to cuttings and divisions. Scatter seeds over a fertile soil that drains well. Always keep the soil moist with a mister. A mister is preferred to eliminate flooding and washing-out of soil.
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Old leaves and stems don't have a strong flavor and are not suitable for use in recipes or teas. Pruning more than one-third may cause the plant to enter a stage of shock, and growth will temporarily cease.Pinching-off is the simplest and quickest method of pruning. Simply pinch off the ends of stems by using the fingers and finger nails.
Mature stems may be a little bit too fibrous to easily pinch off and the use of scissors is required. Mint grown outside in regions of cold winters will enter dormancy during the off-season. When grown indoors, it will not enter a winter dormancy. Instead, some die-back will occur. Leaves and stems may wilt and fall off. growfoodguide.com.
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Most of all - be patient. New shoots will eventually protrude from the soil surface, and the mint will begin growing as it was before die-back occurred.
Fresh mint is handy to have for flavoring drinks and for recipes, and it’s easy to grow. In fact, many gardeners would tell you mint is actually too easy to grow, considering its annoying habit of overtaking other plants in its path. Planted in a plastic pot sunk into the ground, mint can be easy to keep within bounds - gardening.
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One easy way is to plant mint in a large repurposed plastic nursery pot. Dig a hole large enough to sink the pot into the ground, leaving just a couple of inches of the rim above ground. With this method, it’s important to pull the mint pot out of the ground every spring, divide the mass of roots with a knife, then replant only a small portion back into the pot.
The compost helps hold the extra moisture that mint needs to thrive. There is no need to add extra fertilizer.One spring, I forgot to divide my mint and some of its roots escaped out the holes in the bottom of the pot. Now I’m careful not to neglect this easy but important job.
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Spearmint and peppermint are the most common, but there are many other mints, some winter-hardy, some not. Some smell like citrus, some like chocolate, and others like apples (gardening). Most have aromatic green leaves but a few have dark or variegated foliage. The best way to choose mints is to take a sniff of each kind offered in the herb section at your garden center.If you’re growing more than one kind of mint, it’s a good idea to separate them in the garden to avoid the chance of cross-pollination spoiling each special flavor.Harvest mint leaves whenever you need them throughout the growing season.
You can also use a food dryer to quickly take out the moisture. Rapidly maturing native tree with fragrant white flowers in spring followed by small red cherries that turn black in late summer. At least 47 species eat the fruit, including the eastern bluebird, red-breasted grosbeak and northern flicker.
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And it makes a great shade tree, often reaching more than 50 feet in height. NEBRASKA STATEWIDE ARBORETUM Relatively fast-growing with bright yellow fall color and smooth bark. In spring, long flowering catkins dangle like tinsel. Best growth on deep, rich soils - vegetable. Larval host for the luna moth, walnut sphinx.
NEBRASKA STATEWIDE ARBORETUM Distinctive horizontal branching. Fragrant, yellow/white flowers in flattened cymes in late spring followed by black fruits relished by songbirds. Prefers organic, well-drained soils, and grows to 15 to 20 feet. Native to Iowa, Minnesota and Missouri. A great accent tree near a deck or patio. NEBRASKA STATEWIDE ARBORETUM Beautiful snow-white flowers that bloom in spring give way to edible, dark purple, blueberry-like fruits.
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Full- to part-sun, tolerates a range of soil conditions. Native to southeast Nebraska. NEBRASKA STATEWIDE ARBORETUM Native to southeast Nebraska, this low-growing, multistemmed oak starts producing acorns at a very early age. Good yellow fall color. Eventually reaches the size of a redbud tree — 15 to 20 feet tall and wide.
This species offers a more tree-type growth reaching up to 15 feet or more. Native to Kansas, Oklahoma and Missouri. NEBRASKA STATEWIDE ARBORETUM This thicket-forming shrub is easy to grow in a variety of soils. Its berries ripen in early fall and persist into late fall. It is an important source of late-season food for ring-neck pheasant, robin and cedar waxwing.
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Tolerates full sun, but does best in part-shade and shelter from strong winds. Some years are copious fruit crops relished by a variety of critters. Can grow up to 10 feet high and wide. NEBRASKA STATEWIDE ARBORETUM The blue-to-black fruits are some of the best for attracting songbirds. Good fall color.
Can You grow mint in Florida with the weather that we have? Mint is among the easiest plants to cultivate, particularly because it needs little attention. Mint varieties have plenty of uses, ranging from medicinal to culinary. If you are wondering how to grow mint in Florida, with our hot and humid weather, read on for tips on how to cultivate mint effectively.
Although mint is a resilient herb, it is still advisable to plant it in optimal conditions. Most kinds of mint need similar conditions. Every mint type is recognized for its own scent or flavor, although some may be similar. Different mint varieties are suited for either culinary, medicinal, aromatic, and aesthetic purposes - vegetable.
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It thrives across North America, Europe, and Asia. The US supplies 70% of the peppermint supply in the world - growfoodguide. It is a natural hybrid of spearmint and watermint, and it was initially cultivated in England in the late 17th century. Its use goes back to ancient Egyptian times, where it was a valued remedy for indigestion.
Peppermint is mainly cultivated for its oils, which includes triterpenes, phenolic acids, and flavonoids. The menthol content of a peppermint plant informs the quality of its essential oil, and it varies upon habitat and climate. The menthol concentration of American peppermint is 50-78% while that of the English peppermint ranges between 60-70%.
Spearmint was also naturalized in Europe and then introduced in North America. It is unbranched, and it blooms in thick clumps in moist regions near streams, along roadsides, and in low meadows where it may reach heights of two to three feet. It contains the volatile oil, limonene, rosmaric acid, the flavonoid thymonin, and carvone.
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Spearmint, like peppermint, is grown for the production of oil, although on a less extensive scale. Apple mint plants are known for their woolly stems and their fragrant serrated leaves. Its fruity aroma has nuances of apple, and it has less mint flavor when compared to other mint types. Apple mint blooms to reveal spears of white to pink flowers.
You can also get a runner from people already growing the mint plant. Growing mint in a container is commonly preferred since you can easily keep it in check. Mint spreads rigorously, and its roots often choke the roots of other plants. If you grow the mint in a pot, it is best to avoid adding another plant.
Place the pot in a region that receives a lot of morning sun and afternoon shade. You can even position it on a windowsill, provided it will absorb sufficient sunlight. If you are planting the mint on the ground, choose a damp location with full sun or partial shade. Mint prefers fertile soil, with a PH between 6.0 to 7.0.
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Mint can thrive on its own, although you can add a little fertilizer every few weeks. During the first year of growth, you will require to water the mint frequently. The soil should be maintained damp and not soaked. Water the mint frequently if it is in direct sun. Trim the top of your mint plant to control its height and to create a better harvest.
You can harvest mint leaves as needed from late spring to early autumn. Do not harvest over a third of the leaves at once, and you should give the plant time to regrow. Hang the stems upside down if you intend to air dry your mint. Harvest as much mint as you can before the frost every year.
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You can add a layer of mulch before winter to protect the roots. Pinch off the stems to harvest the leaves. In the case of a large harvest, you can wait before the mint blooms, and cut the entire plant above the first or second set of leaves. Mint can quickly become uncontrollable and take over your garden.
Several pests and diseases always target mint. Mint rust reveals itself in the form of small brown or yellow pustules on the underside of the leaves. gardening. New shoots can also be pale or distorted, and large parts of leaf tissues die and drop off from the plant. To prevent this fungus from spreading, you can remove the infected rhizomes and plants.
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The mint plant is rich in nutrients, including iron, manganese, folate, and Vitamin A. Mint is additionally a great source of antioxidants. Mint is also an herbal remedy for irritable bowel syndrome, a digestive disorder characterized by bloating, stomach pain, and gas. Peppermint oil has concentrations of menthol, which exerts relaxing effects on the muscles in the digestive tract.
Menthol, which is present in mint, is commonly contained in balms that relieve nasal congestion. It also relieves congestion of lungs, bronchi, and throat. Mint can also help in breastfeeding, according to a study included in the International Breastfeeding Journal in 2007. Mint oil reduce the nipple cracks and pain linked to breastfeeding.
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The juice extracted from mint leaves is a great skin cleanser. It soothes the skin while curing itchiness and infections. By reducing pimples, the juice can also help relieve acne. Its anti-pruritic attributes will also treat bug and insect bites, including those of wasps, mosquitoes, and honeybees. Other uses of mint include: You can include mint in your air freshener by adding several drops of the essential oil in it.
Mint is also used to treat headaches, as the compounds in the essential oil are thought to calm muscle spasms. You can rub several drops of the oil to your temple to address migraines. Mint also comes in handy as a sunburn soother (grow organic vegetables). Make strong peppermint tea, and refrigerate it for several hours.
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Make a refreshing mint bath by adding several mint leaves to bathwater. Mint also serves as a moth and bug repellant. On the other hand, mint attracts beneficial insects since it is rich in pollen and nectar. Hoverflies and honeybees will also help pollinate other plants in your garden. Breath mints and chewing gum with a mint flavor are commonly used to mask bad breath.
Image Credit: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wikiFile: Mint-leaves-2007.jpg Hardy perennial herbs of the Mint Family, Peppermint (Mentha x piperita) and Spearmint (Mentha spicata), grown for their leaves which are used to flavor vinegar and jelly (often served with roast lamb and other meats), and to enhance thirst-quenching cooling beverages. Mints should be planted where they will not encroach on other plants, as they spread so readily that, unless curbed, they are likely to become a pestiferous weed.
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A month later, treat another area similarly. Thus a succession of succulent foliage may be had all season. Orange spots on the backs of mint leaves are caused by a rust which can be controlled by using an organic garden dust. Outdoors, in containers, and hydroponics. Peppermint and spearmint usually grow to a height of 12 to 18 inches (30-45cm). vegetable.
Spearmint plants should be placed between 3 and 4 feet (90-120cm) apart. Mints will grow in a relatively wide pH range between 5.6 (mildly acidic) and 7.5 (mildly alkaline) with a preferred range between 6.5 and 7.0. Start seed indoors 8 to 10 weeks prior to last spring frost. Or, sow directly outdoors in partially shaded, moist soil.
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Also propagates well through rootball division. Mint seeds generally germinate between 12 and 16 days. There are between approximately 17,000 and 20,000 mint seeds per gram, depending on variety. Mints prefer a rich, moist, and well-drained soil. Soilless potting mixes (Pro-Mix, Sunshine Mix, etc.), perlite, vermiculite, rockwool, coco peat, Oasis Rootcubes.
Seed material not recommended for pot sales. Plugs to saleable plant, 4 weeks. Mints grown outdoors prefers full sun. Both peppermint and spearmint will grow indoors satisfactorily under standard fluorescent lamps, and exceptionally well under high output T5 fluorescent grow lights, compact fluorescent, or high intensity discharge (metal halide or high pressure sodium) plant growing lights.
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Have an oscillating fan gently stir seedlings for at least 2 hours per day to stimulate shorter, sturdier, and more natural plant habit. Perennial. Peppermint zones 3a to 7b; spearmint 4a to 11. Water regularly, being careful not to overwater. Allow soil to go almost dry between watering, then soak thoroughly.
Peppermint and spearmint are beneficial to cabbage, kohlrabi, broccoli, and the other kales by repelling or distracting cabbage fly, ants, and cabbage looper (grow organic vegetables). Spearmint is noted for its ability to repel or distract ants and aphids. Seeds are poisonous if ingested. Mint may become a noxious weed and invasive. Mints are known to attract bees, butterflies and birds.
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Posted on: April 14, 2019 Bright green and leafy, mint is one of our favorite herbs to fill a planter with and have on hand all summer long. Fantastic in drinks, marinades, salads and more, this easy-to-grow perennial comes in nearly 600 varieties and loves the heat – as long as you can keep it well watered.
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Mint will spread uncontrollably if you don’t set firm barriers, ultimately choking its neighbors. Since your mint plants may also have to be shielded during the hottest part of the day, we recommend growing them in a container that can be easily moved around from spot to spot in the yard.
If you want to grow mint outside a container, we recommend a solid barrier, like a walkway or garden bed (grow organic vegetables). Since mint spreads by roots and underground runners, a piece of garden trim sunk at least a foot into the soil surround the plants can help keep it confined. Mint grows best in full sun, but will benefit from partial shade during the hottest part of the day.
Also be sure to water close to the roots to avoid sunburn on the plant’s leaves. The aggressive nature of mint makes it an ideal herb to be planted in its own container, but will require thinning and dividing every other year or so. A 12-inch pot is the perfect size for a single plant.
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Plucking leaves from the top, especially, will encourage the plant to grow out instead of up, giving you a larger harvest. Once every two or three years, divide the plant and transplant or discard the extras. Failing to do this will cause the plant to become rootbound, which will stunt its growth or even lead to the plant’s demise.