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It has a reputation for reducing anxiety, restlessness, and insomnia, and has historically been used to treat indigestion, gas, and bloating.
According to David Hoffman in his book “Medical Herbalism: The Science Principles and Practices of Herbal Medicine,”.
It is also high in antioxidants, including luteolin, glucoside, and rhamnazin, and has some antiviral properties.
Placing a sachet under a pillow filled with lemon balm is said to bring about a relaxing and rejuvenating sleep.
Day to Maturity: 75 days
Pack Size: 80/330 Seeds
Lemon Balm (Melissa) Seeds
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Add compost if you wish, though this herb does not require any special soil conditions. Seeds should sprout in 5-9 days with soil temperatures ranging from 65-70°F. You can also choose to start seedlings in flats indoors or in a greenhouse in early spring. Sprinkle seeds in trays on top of potting soil, and keep them moist until they sprout.
To propagate from cuttings, simply cut a few inches from the soft tips of an established plant. In the spring, cuttings should be taken a few inches below the tips of new growth. In the fall, they should instead come from stems that are closer to the base of the crown that have not flowered.
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Next, dip the stems in rooting hormone or honey, and place in a sterile planting mix combined with equal parts coarse sand to help retain moisture. Water cuttings immediately and keep them out of direct sunlight. The plants should root in about 3 to 4 weeks. gardening. You can also speed up the rooting process by placing pots over a heating pad set to 70-75°F.
Harden off seedlings planted in trays and started indoors by bringing them outside for a few hours each day. Move them outside about 4 weeks before the last frost date. They can be planted as soon as the soil is ready to be worked in spring. Space plants 1 to 2 feet apart and water immediately after transplanting.
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Just dig up clumps of an established plant when it’s dormant in the early spring or fall, divide into smaller pieces, and replant either in pots or directly in the ground. You can . Melissa can be grown in full sun or partial shade. While adaptable to almost any soil and sun conditions, some people find that it can lose color if exposed to too much sun, and that some shade can actually improve the flavor.
It is always a good idea to incorporate some compost into the soil prior to planting. Additionally, because it has such a robust and sprawling root system, you can plant it on a hillside to prevent erosion! A vigorous grower, once established this herb rarely needs fertilizing or much in the way of special care.
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If you want to prevent it from spreading, simply harvest the tops prior to flowering so it doesn’t have an opportunity to go to seed. to prevent seed spread. vegetable. You can thin plants throughout the season, which will keep growth in check and help to improve air circulation, especially in hot and humid weather.
You can thin out about a third of the plant at once, taking care to remove any leaves that are damaged or brown around the edges due to heat, cold, low humidity, or high wind. This plant responds well to cutting. If a plant has become overgrown, looks stressed, or is showing signs of disease, you can just cut the whole thing down to the base and wait for it to re-grow.
Lemon balm is a great option for container gardening, and it pairs well with summer annuals or . To grow lemon balm in a container, plant seeds or transplants in a pot that is at least eight inches deep and 15 to 18-inches wide. Place the pot in a location that receives at least 5 hours of direct sunlight a day.
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Container plants may need to be divided in the fall to avoid becoming root bound. While adaptable to most soil conditions, planting in moist, well draining soil with some protection from hot weather will result in healthier plants - Seeds. Remember to thin throughout the season to keep growth in check and improve air circulation.
For the classic variety, try M. officinalis, . Its lovely lemony aroma and flavor is wonderful fresh or dried in food, drinks, cosmetics, and medicine. Live plants and seeds are also . This variegated lemon balm cultivar has a beautiful dark green leaf with bright yellow variegation in spring, which fades in summer.
This variety grows to 10-12 inches in height, and smells strongly of citronella. It has a high oil content and is mildew resistant. If you are short on space and worried about sprawl, this may be the option for you. This sterile cultivar tops out at about 6 inches tall and 12 inches wide, and does not flower or produce seed.
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An insecticidal soap may be used if pests are present in large numbers. This common fungal disease can leave a whitish powdery look on the leaves. This is generally more of an issue in hot and humid climates with cool nights. This fungus can cause dark brown or black spots on leaves, and is prevalent in warm temperatures with high humidity.
If the infection becomes serious, try spritzing off plants with a spray of one gallon of water, one tablespoon baking soda, 1/2 teaspoon dish soap, and one tablespoon horticultural oil. Both of these diseases can be prevented by providing good air circulation with regular harvesting or pruning. Lemon balm can be harvested regularly throughout the season, though the leaves are the most flavorful when they are young and fresh.
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Keep leaves on stems for easy drying. Alternatively, harvest large amounts at once by cutting back the entire plant to almost ground level. This can be done a few times throughout the season. However you choose to harvest, this herb will provide an abundance! Since it grows so readily, it is a pretty difficult plant to over harvest.
It tends to lose some of its flavor over time, though I have found that with proper preservation techniques, it is possible to enjoy lemon balm throughout the year. It can be dried on trays or by hanging it in bunches in a dark place with good air circulation. You can also put your harvest in a dehydrator for 12-18 hours on a low setting.
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If you are planning to dry this herb, it is a good idea to harvest on a dry day so the leaves are less moist to begin with. Once dried, strip the leaves from the stems and store in an airtight glass container with a lid in a dark, dry location such as a cupboard.
Chop fresh leaves, mix them with cooking oil or water, and freeze in ice cube trays for later use. Read more. Lemon balm is one of my favorite plants to have around because I use it in so many different ways! It can be used in oils and salves, creams, lip balms, hair rinses, steams, and baths.
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Here’s how to make a hydrosol at home: 1. Pour a few inches of water and 3-4 handfuls of the fresh herb into a large pot, and place another smaller bowl in the middle, ensuring that its rim is above the surface of the water. vegetable. Put on the pot lid upside down and fill it with ice cubes to encourage condensation.
Bring to a light boil, then lower the heat and simmer until the smaller bowl has filled with a few ounces of water. The condensation that has gathered in the smaller bowl should now have a delightful lemony scent. 3. Transfer this liquid to a small spray bottle for use around the home.
It can last up to two years if properly stored. This plant is also great for use in crafts! Dried leaves can be used in potpourri and pillows, and fresh or dried cuttings can be used as fragrant fillers for flower arrangements and bouquets. Try making a lemon balm wreath by wrapping flowering stems around a wire ring base.
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In the kitchen, lemon balm can be added to just about anything that might taste good with a hint of lemon. Throw it in appetizers, desserts, main courses, salads, sandwiches, soups, or stews. Add it to dressing, vinegar, sauces, and jams. and can be candied or used to garnish fruit salads, beverages, or desserts.
I absolutely love it mixed with fresh raspberry leaf and nettle. It is also delicious blended with black or green tea. Just throw a few handfuls of fresh or dried leaves in with your favorite tea blend and steep for 5 to 15 minutes. I also often use it as an ingredient in pesto.
Use lemon balm to create a sweet and citrusy drinking vinegar that can be added to cocktails, sodas, or other beverages. Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial Water Needs: Low, once established Native To: Southern Europe Tolerance: All soil types Hardiness (USDA Zone): Zone 3-12 Maintenance: Low Season: Spring-fall Soil Type: Average Exposure: Full sun to partial shade Soil pH: 6.0-7.5 Time to Maturity: 70 days Soil Drainage: Well-draining Spacing: 1-2 feet Companion Planting: Dill, basil, squash Planting Depth: Seeds on surface, transplants to depth of pot Family: Lamiaceae Height: 5 feet Genus: Melissa Spread: 1-2 feet Species: M.
See our TOS for more details. Uncredited photos: Shutterstock. Heather Buckner hails from amongst the glistening lakes of Minnesota, and now lives with her family on a beautiful homestead in the Vermont Mountains. She holds a bachelor of science degree in environmental science from Tufts University, and has traveled and worked in many roles in conservation and environmental advocacy, including creating and managing programs based around resource conservation, organic gardening, food security, and building leadership skills.
Short Description Use lemon scented leaves in teas, potpourris. Full Description Lemon balm is valued as a culinary, cosmetic and medicinal herb. Use fresh sprigs to top drinks and as garnishes on salads and main dishes. The fresh or dried leaves make a great cold or hot tea, and the dried leaves can be used pot-pourris.
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Lemon balm is easy to grow from seed sown in the spring or early fall. Buy this product Item # Product Order Quantity Price Item#:61457A Order: 1 Pkt. (700 seeds) Item#:23954 Order: 3 Plants This product is temporarily out of stock; we're updating inventory continuously so please check back again or click on "notify me" for an email notification.
Full sun means 6 hours of direct sun per day; partial sun means 2-4 hours of direct sun per day; shade means little or no direct sun. Full Sun Days To Maturity The average number of days from when the plant is actively growing in the garden to the expected time of harvest.
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Annuals complete their life cycles in one year; biennials produce foliage the first year and bloom and go to seed the second year; perennials can live for more than two years. Perennial Height The typical height of this product at maturity. 24 inches Spread The width of the plant at maturity - growfoodguide.com.
Fragrant Plant Shipping Information Plants ship in Spring at proper planting time (Click here for Spring Shipping Schedule) 100% satisfactionguaranteed Growing Calendar for Grow (0) Growing information Sow indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost in spring using a seed starting kit. Just barely cover the seed with seed-starting formula.
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Before planting in the garden, seedling plants need to be “hardened off”. Accustom young plants to outdoor conditions by moving them to a sheltered place outside for a week. Be sure to protect them from wind and hot sun at first. If frost threatens at night, cover or bring containers indoors, then take them out again in the morning.
Direct sow in average soil in full sun after danger of frost in spring. Remove weeds and work organic matter into the top 6-8 inches of soil; then level and smooth. Sow seeds evenly and lightly cover with fine soil. Firm the soil lightly and keep evenly moist. Seedlings will emerge in 14-21 days.
Mulches help retain soil moisture and maintain even soil temperatures - Seeds. For herbs, an organic mulch of aged bark or shredded leaves lends a natural look to the bed and will improve the soil as it breaks down in time. Always keep mulches off a plant’s stems to prevent possible rot.
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Plants need about 1 inch of rain per week during the growing season. Use a rain gauge to check to see if you need to add water. It’s best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems.
Cut plants back by up to two-thirds after they bloom, about 40 days after emergence, to encourage new growth. Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area. Divide plants every year or two in spring or early fall to control their spread.
Use the fresh leaves to add to flavor to foods and teas, or toss them into your bathwater. Include the dried leaves in potpourri. To dry lemon balm, cut a bunch of stems on a sunny morning, tie them loosely and hang them in a dry, airy location out of the sun (grow organic vegetables).
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Lemon balm may be chopped and frozen in vegetable oil or water in ice cube trays. Product Details Days To Maturity 90-200 days Reviews .
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Melissa officinalisFamily: Lamiaceae Easy Cool season: Sun or part-shade Hardy from zone 5 and above. Start indoors 6 to 8 weeks before last frost, and transplant out or direct so in late March to mid-April. Barely cover the tiny seeds. Use a sterilized potting soil, and keep watering to an absolute minimum – just enough to keep the medium from drying out (Click here).
Once seedlings are large enough to handle, transplant at a spacing of 45cm (18″) into the garden. Choose a shady spot or a location where plants can be protected from midday sun. Lemon balm prefers a fertile, moist soil in a cooler part of the garden (gardening). Plants grown in partial shade will be larger and more succulent than those exposed to full sun.
Lemon balm is an ancient herb that is related to mint. Like other herbs, lemon balm can be grown indoors, but the Herb Society of America recommends against it because the plant will never be as strong or hardy as its outdoor cousins. Nevertheless, if your only option is indoor growth, with a little attention to its needs, you can grow successful lemon balm indoors.
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Due to its rapid growth (like its cousin mint), many outdoor gardeners consider lemon balm a pest and try to restrain it in containers. Unfortunately, the plant is free-seeding, so lemon balm in a container is just as capable of spreading throughout a garden as the lemon balm in the ground.
Plant historians believe it arrived in the New World shortly after the first settlers, and it is now established around the world. The plant's leaves are used in various tonics and teas, and its essential oil is extracted and used in various ways. The Spruce / Krystal Slagle The Spruce / Krystal Slagle Lemon balm belongs to the same family as mint (Lamiaceae) and is part of the small Melissa genus.
officinalis. This plant goes by many common names aside from lemon balm, so if you're not certain, look for the Latin name on the label. When crushed, the leaves should smell faintly citrusy and lemony. Use these guidelines for healthy lemon balm: Lemon balm is not particularly picky about its light outdoors, but indoors try to give it as much direct light as possible, even up to five hours a day of strong sunlight.
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It's easy to start new plants from packaged seeds (they will germinate in about a week) or simply buy new seedlings at the local garden center, where lemon balm is commonly sold. Click here. Lemon balm is a perennial that can easily grow to more than 1 foot in height. They don't need a winter rest period and survive colder weather by thorough mulching outdoors.
It's safe to assume most people grow lemon balm to harvest the leaves, which can begin as soon as the plant is established and putting out regular new growth. Never remove more than about 25 percent of the plant's mass at any one time, however. Otherwise, these plants are hardy and relatively easy to grow.
Lemon balm is vulnerable to pests including aphids, mealybugs, scale, and whitefly. If possible, identify the infestation as early as possible and treat it with the least toxic option.
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I always get excited when I talk about herbs, especially when I talk about medicinal culinary herbs like lemon balm. Lemon balm’s simplicity, beauty, flavor, ease of care, and exceptional medicinal properties make it one of my favorites. I particularly like the way lemon balm attracts beneficial insects and butterflies to my garden, and occasionally even the hummingbirds find it intriguing.
Sometimes referred to as Melissa or Sweet Melissa, Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis) is a member of the Lamiaceae, or mint family, of plants. Like other mint family members, lemon balm has scalloped, oval- to heart-shaped leaves that grow opposite one another on square (four-sided) stems. Its leaves are bright green on top and whitish below.
Most people don’t stop to look at the flowers of lemon balm because they are very small. Up close, the tiny white to pale pink two-lipped flowers form whorled spikes that are quite pretty. Harvesting the long stems of lemon balm. Lemon balm is one of those herbs that isn’t thought of all that much beyond tea.
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It’s easy to grow, looks nice, and smells and tastes even better! If you have a little room to spare in the yard or garden, you might want to give this little herbal gem a try (Click here). Depending on the type of soil you want to build and amount of sunlight, this spreading perennial herb can reach heights of 1 to 3 feet with an equal spread.
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Listen in as the popular agronomist and successful organic farmer teaches his methods for managing soil testing, data and inputs. In general, your plant will be larger and more productive when grown in full sun and fertile, loamy soil. In regions with very hot or dry summers, lemon balm appreciates a bit of afternoon shade and soils that retain moisture.
We have a lot of red clay soil here in the Ozarks, and I find that my lemon balm not only grows well, but that it also stays relatively close to where I plant it. And while lemon balm prefers moist soil, healthy and mature plants easily endure extended periods of heat and drought.
For outdoor culture, seed can be sown either in mid-spring after all danger of frost has passed or in early fall to late winter. While both are good, I personally feel that winter sowing has advantages over spring sowing. Winter-sown seeds have a feel for the seasons and germinate only when the weather is optimal.
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Once seedlings have their second set of true leaves, either thin them to one or two per pot or repot individual seedlings into larger containers. grow organic vegetables. After all danger of frost has passed, seedlings should be set in the garden 12 to 18 inches apart. Although sowing seed has its advantages, there is one crucial drawback that most gardeners are not aware of.
They will generally look alike, but they may not smell or taste the same. This is why I highly recommend starting lemon balm from established plants, be it rooted stem cuttings, root divisions, or seedlings from a nursery. This way, you can smell and taste the leaves before investing a lot of time and money into a plant that has an inferior smell and taste.
For a large harvest of leaves that will be dried for tea or medicinal use, it is preferable to wait until the plant begins to put on flower buds or just as the flowers begin to open. This is when the volatile oils in the leaves are at their greatest concentration.
You can cut the plant down to within six to eight inches of the soil. A good rule of thumb is to remove no more than two-thirds of the vegetative growth at any one time. Finish the job by pruning stray stems and shaping so the plant looks tidy, and then water it deeply.
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Once you have your basket full of cut stems, you will need to process them for drying. There are many ways to dry herbs, all of which are a bit tedious, depending on where you live and how you approach it. Drying is the only way to preserve the quality and flavor of lemon balm for long-term storage, though.
The author dries lemon balm in stainless steel metal baking pans. We start by stripping the leaves from the stems. Yes, this can be a bit monotonous, but trust me: it saves a lot of time later on and your leaves don’t get crushed in the process. To strips the leaves quickly (relatively speaking) we ‘zip’ the leaves off with our fingers - growfoodguide.
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With the same three fingers of your right hand, pull firmly downwards along the stem. This zipping technique quickly pulls off all leaves and branching stems in one fell swoop. Repeat the ‘zipping’ with all stems until all leaves have been removed. At this juncture, tradition has it that you should use a dehydrator to dry your herbs, or that you should spread the leaves on screens or hang them in bunches and dry them in a cool dark place.
Here in Missouri, though, summers can be unbelievably humid. Because of this, I have come to rely on a very unconventional drying method. After some disappointing attempts at drying basil and sage (two of the trickiest herbs to dry properly) the traditional way, my husband suggested we try a different approach - gardening.
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In every batch, the herbs came out vibrantly green and extremely fragrant. Let it be known that I fully understand that the standard rule for drying herbs is to never (ever) dry them in the sun. The theory is that prolonged exposure to high heat and bright light can evaporate the delicate volatile oils that make herbs flavorful and medicinal.
In order to clear my conscience, I placed two different thermometers in the pan to see how hot the herbs — and the pan — actually got during the course of the day. The pans were placed in full sun on a 92°F (33°C) day and only reached 130°F (54°C), which is absolutely acceptable in terms of drying temperatures for herbs.
If you decide to try this method, it is very important to monitor the herbs in the pan just as you would if you had a cake in the oven. Use a meat thermometer to gauge the temperature, stir the herbs often, move them into the shade when they start to get crisp, and always allow the herbs to cool completely before storing - growfoodguide.
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Keep in mind that whole herbs retain their flavor and medicinal properties longer than those that are crushed or ground. The smell and taste of common lemon balm is not as sharp or crisp as a lemon, but is rich, deep, and woody, especially when dried. Newer cultivars have an improved lemony aroma.
The leaves and flowers make unique, flavorful jelly or herbed vinegar (Read more). They can also be added to creamy dressings, dips, and spreads. Add young leaves to fruit punch and green or fruit salads. One of my favorite things to make with lemon balm is shortbread or sugar cookies. Simply pick out your favorite generic recipe and add to it a handful of fresh, chopped lemon balm leaves and a few toasted nuts.
And make no mistake about it: lemon balm is a powerful and useful medicinal. To begin with, lemon balm is a super-strong anti-inflammatory and gentle sedative that can help relieve mild insomnia, depression, and tension. Herbalists also recommend it to treat infection and inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and to reduce symptoms of cold and flu.
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For many years, I was plagued by repeated outbreaks of large, painful cold sores on my lips and around my mouth. On two occasions, cold sores on my mouth were infected by Streptococcus bacteria and resulted in impetigo, a very serious and contagious skin infection. By applying a strong infusion of lemon balm to the affected area at the earliest onset of symptoms, and by consuming up to three cups of lemon balm tea every day for the duration of the outbreak, I was able to rid myself of both the cold sores and the severe case of impetigo.
And thanks to lemon balm, I have had no more than a half dozen cold sores in over 15 years. The few that I did get were relatively small and short-lived. In addition to reducing the severity of cold sores, lemon balm also appears to speed healing and to reduce or inhibit secondary infections.
Researchers are reportedly even using extracts of lemon balm to try to treat mild Alzheimer’s disease. Although it has been suggested that lemon balm may support normal function of the thyroid gland, anyone with hypothyroidism (low thyroid function), goiter, Hashimoto’s disease, or those taking any kind of thyroid hormone such as anti-cholinergics or cholinergics should not take lemon balm in medicinal doses without first consulting a professional. Read more.
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And while the flowers are not excessively showy and can at times give the plant a leggy or ragged appearance, they attract many beneficial insects to the garden. Lemon balm is not only a fragrant and flavorful culinary herb, but also a powerful medicinal that deserves a spot in every garden.
This article appeared in the February 2014 issue of Acres U.S.A. Jill Henderson is an artist, author and organic gardener. She is currently the editor of Show Me Oz, a blog featuring articles on gardening, seed saving, nature ecology, wild edible and medicinal plants, and culinary herbs. She has written three books: The Healing Power of Kitchen Herbs, A Journey of Seasons: A Year in the Ozarks High Country, and The Garden Seed Saving Guide.
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During summer, small white flowers full of nectar appear. It is not to be confused with bee balm (genus ), although the white flowers attract bees, hence the genus (Greek for "honey bee"). a bumblebee feeding on a lemon balm flower The leaves are used as a herb, in teas, and also as a flavouring.
It is grown as an ornamental plant and for its oil (to use in perfumery). The tea of lemon balm, the essential oil, and the extract are used in traditional and alternative medicine, including aromatherapy. The plant has been cultivated at least since the 16th century, but research is still being conducted to establish the safety and effects of lemon balm.
It is mentioned by Theophrastus in the Historia Plantarum, dated to around 300 BC, as "honey-leaf" (μελισσόφυλλον). Lemon balm was formally introduced into Spain in the 7th century, from which its use and domestication spread throughout Europe - growfoodguide.com. Its use in the Middle Ages is noted by herbalists, writers, philosophers, and scientists, with Swiss physician and alchemist, Paracelsus, deeming it the “elixir of life”.
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Lemon balm was introduced to North America with the arrival of early colonists, and is recorded to have been among the herbs cultivated in Thomas Jefferson's garden. The plant is used to attract bees to make honey. It is also grown and sold as an ornamental plant. The essential oil is used as a perfume ingredient, but the plant has other culinary and medicinal uses.
Lemon balm is used as a flavouring in ice cream and herbal teas, both hot and iced, often in combination with other herbs such as spearmint. It is a common addition to peppermint tea, mostly because of its complementing flavor. Lemon balm is also paired with fruit dishes or candies.
It is also one of the ingredients in Spreewald gherkins. "Melissa" (M. officinalis) essential oil In traditional Austrian medicine, M. officinalis leaves have been prescribed for internal use—as a tea—or external application—as an essential oil—for the treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, liver, and bile. Lemon balm is the main ingredient of Carmelite water, which is still for sale in German pharmacies.
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The alchemist Paracelsus believed that lemon balm had the power to restore health and vitality. Traditionally, an alchemical tincture of lemon balm was the first tincture an aspiring alchemist made. Melissa officinalis is native to Europe, central Asia and Iran, but is now naturalized around the world. Lemon balm seeds require light and at least 20 °C (70 °F) to germinate.
In mild temperate zones, the stems of the plant die off at the start of the winter, but shoot up again in spring. Lemon balm grows vigorously; it should not be planted where it will spread into other plantings. As of 1992, the major producing countries were Hungary, Egypt, and Italy for herb, and Ireland for essential oil.
officinalis include: M. officinalis 'Citronella' M. officinalis 'Lemonella' M. officinalis 'Quedlinburger' M. officinalis 'Lime' M. officinalis 'Variegata' M. officinalis 'Aurea' M. officinalis 'Quedlinburger Niederliegende' is an improved variety bred for high essential oil content Lemon balm, including lemon balm extract, has been shown to improve sleep quality. Pediatric patients have displayed improvement in restlessness and dyssomnia with the ingestion of lemon balm extract.
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Studies have shown a significant increase in calmness in healthy patients exposed to lemon balm when compared to placebo. In addition, lemon balm ingestion is linked to improvement in mood and cognitive performance. Gender and administration length appear to have an impact on the effectiveness of lemon balm as a treatment for depression in rats (vegetable).
Lemon balm has also been shown to possess antimicrobial, antiviral, antispasmodic and antitumoral properties. The composition and pharmacology and potential uses of lemon balm have been extensively studied, especially with regard to its traditional uses. Randomized, double-blinded clinical studies in people, however, have been limited and have had few subjects.
Lemon balm contains eugenol, tannins, and terpenes. It also contains (+)-citronellal, 1-octen-3-ol, 10-α-cadinol, 3-octanol, 3-octanone, α-cubebene, α-humulene, β-bourbonene, caffeic acid, caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, catechin, chlorogenic acid, cis-3-hexenol, cis-ocimene, citral A, citral B, copaene, δ-cadinene, eugenyl acetate, γ-cadinene, geranial, geraniol, geranyl acetate, germacrene D, isogeranial, linalool, luteolin-7-glucoside, methylheptenone, neral, nerol, octyl benzoate, oleanolic acid, pomolic acid ((1R)-hydroxyursolic acid), protocatechuic acid, rhamnazin, rosmarinic acid, stachyose, succinic acid, thymol, trans-ocimene and ursolic acid.
University of Maryland Medical Center. Apr 5, 2011. Retrieved Oct 18, 2014. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. "Melissa officinalis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 6 July 2015. ^ Kennedy, D.O.; Scholey, Andrew B.; Tindsley, N.T.J.; Perry, E.K.; Wesnes, K.A. (2002-07-01). "Modulation of mood and cognitive performance following acute administration of Melissa officinalis (lemon balm)".
72 (4): 953–964. grow organic vegetables. doi:10.1016/S0091-3057(02)00777-3. ISSN 0091-3057. PMID 12062586. Theophrastus, Enquiry into Plants, VI.1.4, identified as "M. officinalis" in the index of the Loeb Classical Library edition by Arthur F. Hort, 1916 etc. ^ "Lemon Balm: An Herb Society of America Guide". www.herbsociety.org. 2007. Retrieved 2018-12-10. Deni., Bown (1995). Dorling Kindersley.
OCLC 32166152. As "Melissa" (Common Blam) in both issues of Gerard's Catalogus, 1596, 1599: Benjamin Daydon Jackson, A catalogue of plants cultivated in the garden of John Gerard, in the years 1596–1599, 1876; Zirkle, Conway (December 2001). "Thomas Jefferson's Garden Book. Edwin Morris BettsThomas Jefferson and the Scientific Trends of His Time.
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BrowneJefferson and Agriculture. Everett E. EdwardsPapers Read before the American Philosophical Society in Celebration of the Bicentennial of Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson". Isis. 37 (1/2): 84–85. doi:10.1086/347980. ISSN 0021-1753. ^ "Taxon: Melissa officinalis L.". USDA: U.S. National Plant Germplasm System. Retrieved 8 October 2016. Dousti, Mashta; et al. (2012). "Evidence-based Traditional Persian Medicine".
Evidence-based practice in complementary and alternative medicine : perspectives, protocols, problems, and potential in Ayurveda. gardening. Berlin: Springer. p. 88. ISBN 9783642245640. ^ Herb Society of America. 2007 Lemon Balm: An Herb Society of America Guide Archived 2015-02-18 at the Wayback Machine Setzer, William (2009). "Essential Oils and Anxiolytic Aromatherapy". Natural Product Communications.
Vogl, S; Picker, P; Mihaly-Bison, J; Fakhrudin, N; Atanasov, AG; Heiss, EH; Wawrosch, C; Reznicek, G; et al. (2013). "Ethnopharmacological in vitro studies on Austria's folk medicine-An unexplored lore in vitro anti-inflammatory activities of 71 Austrian traditional herbal drugs". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 149 (3): 750–71. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2013.06.007. PMC . PMID 23770053.
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"FOOD Using lemon balm in the kitchen". The Mayo News. Retrieved May 2, 2012. "Monograph: Lemon Balm". Health Canada. 17 March 2008. Retrieved 8 October 2016. Masters, Susanne (22 February 2013). "The benefits of lemon balm". The Guardian. Culpeper, Nicholas (1814). No. 8, White's Row, Spitalfields.: Richard Evans. pp. 15–16.CS1 maint: location (link) Grieve, Maude (1971).
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^ Muller, S.F.; Klement, S. (2006-06-12). "A combination of valerian and lemon balm is effective in the treatment of restlessness and dyssomnia in children". Phytomedicine. 13 (6): 383–387. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2006.01.013. ISSN 0944-7113. PMID 16487692. Cases, Julien; Ibarra, Alvin; Feuillère, Nicolas; Roller, Marc; Sukkar, Samir G. (December 2010). "Pilot trial of Melissa officinalis L.
Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. 4 (3): 211–218. doi:10.1007/s12349-010-0045-4. ISSN 1973-798X. PMC . PMID 22207903. ^ Kennedy, David O.; Little, Wendy; Scholey, Andrew B. (2004-07-01). "Attenuation of Laboratory-induced Stress in Humans After Acute Administration of melissa officinalis (lemon Balm)" (PDF). Psychosomatic Medicine. 66 (4): 607–613. doi:10.1097/01.psy.0000132877.72833.71. ISSN 0033-3174. PMID 15272110.
"Anti-Stress Effects of Lemon Balm-Containing Foods". Nutrients. 6 (11): 4805–4821. doi:10.3390/nu6114805. ISSN 2072-6643. PMC . PMID 25360512. ^ Ferreira, Vania M.; Silva, Monica V.; Silveira, Damaris; Barros, Marilia; Lucena, Greice M.; Leite, Franco B.; Taiwo, Adefunmilayo E. (2012-03-01). "Anxiolytic and antidepressant-like effects of Melissa officinalis (lemon balm) extract in rats: Influence of administration and gender".
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44 (2): 189–92. doi:10.4103/0253-7613.93846. ISSN 0253-7613. PMC . PMID 22529473. Dastmalchi, Keyvan (2008-04-01). "Chemical composition and in vitro antioxidative activity of a lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) extract". LWT - Food Science and Technology. 41 (3): 391–400. doi:10.1016/j.lwt.2007.03.007. ISSN 0023-6438. ^ Miraj, Sepide; Rafieian-Kopaei; Kiani, Sara (September 2016). "Melissa officinalis L: A Review Study With an Antioxidant Prospective".
22 (3): 385–394. doi:10.1177/2156587216663433. ISSN 2156-5872. PMC . PMID 27620926. BAHTIYARCA BAGDAT, Reyhan (January 2006). "THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF LEMON BALM (Melissa officinalis L.), ITS COMPONENTS AND USING FIELDS". Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, OMU. 21: 116–121. Click here. Ulbricht, Catherine; Brendler, Thomas; Gruenwald, Joerg; Kligler, Benjamin; Keifer, David; Abrams, Tracee Rae; Woods, Jen; Boon, Heather; Kirkwood, Catherine DeFranco (2005).
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"Feature extracts – Melissa officinalis". naturalcompounds.com. 2012. Archived from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved December 24, 2013. Taylor, Leslie (December 17, 2012). "Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)". Tropical Plant Database (rain-tree.com). Leslie Taylor. Retrieved June 23, 2017. Harrington, Natalie (2012). "Harmala Alkaloids as Bee Signaling Chemicals". 1 (1): 23–32.
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Family: Mint (Lamiacea) Hardy to Zones 6 to 9 (Crete Balm) Herbaceous perennial to 2 feet, native to the mediterranean and hardy to 20 degrees F - Seeds. Light-green lime-flavored foliage is softly pubescent, with outsize flowers of light lavender. Good for tea or nibbling fresh. A rare and unusual subspecies of lemon balm.
Scarify seed lightly on fine sandpaper and sow outdoors in the fall or very early spring or provide 2 weeks of cold conditioning by placing seed in moist medium in a container in the fridge and sow outdoors or in the greenhouse. Germ (Read more). in 10-40 days. Prefers full sun or shade; normal garden soil and moderate water.
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Lemon Balm is a fantastic herb to plant in your garden this year. I’m going to try my hardest and too.**Lemon Balm is a fantastic medicinal tool for your home. Here is a list of medicinal uses of Lemon Balm:Lemon balm helps promote a calming and relaxing feeling and is a mild sedative.Click here for an excellent recipe for a sleep balm recipe from Shalom Mama.2.
There are many other Medicinal benefits of Lemon Balm. This includes: it can freshen your breath, it can ease the itch of bug bites, and it can help aid your digestive tract. Remember when I said it helps with stomach aches? It will calm their stomachs and help them fall asleep.
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There are many more ways that Lemon Balm can be used medicinally, but these are the most important and the most useful.**This plant is called Lemon Balm for a reason! I love going into my garden and picking leaves, just to rub them between my fingers and smell that fragrant, lemony smell. gardening.
If you don’t want it to take over your garden, you might want to grow it in containers. However, if you simply make sure to plant it in a strategic location where it will not bother other plants, you can enjoy some amazing harvests.**It is best to use Lemon Balm fresh.
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If you live in a higher zone, you might want to give them more shade than if you live in a colder climate.**This plant loves moist, well-drained soil, but again, it is a happy and easy to grow plant that will grow in pretty much any type of soil.**It is , but it has to have cold stratification done to the seeds for at least 1 week.
Make sure you use a liquid or powder rooting hormone for best results.**After the first year, Lemon Balm will reseed itself, so you can just let it fill your garden space with new plants every year.**.**When you cut back the plant, it also helps the plant’s health and helps maintain Lemon Balm’s color.**The only real maintenance you need to do is to remember that this is an ambitious reseeding plant and spreading type of plant, so .