Low growing plant produces green leaves.Used in salads and cooked like spinach.Purslane is also effective in…
The leaves of the Horehound plant are widely used to flavor juices and teas. Horehound is used to make hard lozenge candies that are considered by folk medicine to aid digestion, soothe sore throats, and relieve inflammation
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Easy to grow from seed and can be sowed directly in the garden
Plant in a sunny location with well-drainage
Day to Maturity: 75 days
Pack Size: 60/220 Seeds
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Horehound is fairly easy to grow, improves the fruiting of tomatoes and peppers and attracts beneficial insects. Not to mention, it makes some tasty cough drops and candies. (Marrubium vulgare, Linn.) Horehound Growing Cycle Derived from a Hebrew word meaning bitter. Labiatæ Perennnial White horehound can be found all over Europe and appears to be a native to Great Britain.
Very similar in appearance to mint. Clusters of small, white flowers encircling the main stem. Bees are quite fond of horehound nectar and make a nice honey from horehound flowers. grow organic vegetables. (Seeds, sowing, cultivation, and propagating) Horehound Seeds Seed is most viable when used within three years When growing horehound from seed, the best time for sowing is in the spring.
Once established the only worry is over-population and care must be given to prevent seeds from forming. Horehound plants tend to naturally grow in clumps. Divide the clumps or use layers and cuttings for propagation. Companion planting with horehound improves the fruiting of tomatoes and peppers. Horehound will attract Braconid and Icheumonid wasps and Tachnid and Syrid flies to your garden.
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Horehound has a natural ability as a pectoral remedy and is often made into cough drops and other candies relied upon for assistance with coughs and congestion. Horehound is also brewed into Horehound Ale, a popular beverage in England.
Horehound. The name likely calls to mind a big glass jar of vaguely molasses-flavored penny candy at the general store, or perhaps a package of old-fashioned dark-brown cough drops. It may not, however, summon up a picture of the source of these products, a rugged perennial herb native to Europe, North Africa, and Asia, naturalized in the bleakest spots in North America and at home in almost any herb garden from Zone 3 to Zone 10.
“Hore-” does mean hoary (gray or white in Old English), but “-hound” is not canine; it’s simply an old name for the herb. The generic name Marrubium is the name by which the Romans knew the herb, and vulgare means common. Other opinions are that Marrubium refers to “an ancient town of Italy” or to a Hebrew word for bitter.
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Several other herbs of the mint family also are called horehound, resembling Marrubium in that their flowers are clustered in the leaf axils. Water horehounds belong to the genus Lycopus, and black (stinking) horehound and Greek horehound to the genus Ballota. In the language of flowers, horehound offers wishes for good health, and medical practitioners of many cultures have proclaimed its efficacy in treating a wide variety of ailments, of plants as well as people.
Horehound has traditionally been used to treat disorders of the stomach, gallbladder, and respiratory system as well as hepatitis. Teas and cough syrups were popular preparations, but the herb was also taken as snuff (to treat yellowness of the eyes), and fresh leaves were poulticed with honey “to cleanse foul and filthy ulcers.” Marrubium, a chemical compound extracted from horehound, is an expectorant.
In England, horehound was made into “an appetizing and healthful” ale and beverage teas are palatable if heavily sweetened to disguise the bitterness. Horehound candy is easy to make (see recipe on page 19). Horehound has erect, woolly, square stalks 2 to 3 feet tall, and wrinkled, scalloped, gray-green opposite leaves that are smooth or downy above and fuzzier below.
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The fresh leaves smell musky (some say fruit- or thyme-scented), but the odor disappears on drying. Horehound is an important bee herb. Common horehound looks rather plain; it’s neither tidy like hyssop nor airy like fennel. Henry Beston (Herbs and the Earth, 1935) notes that in olden times, “that wan nettle-like presence with its pointed, hostile bracts” would be relegated, along with other weedy herbs, to a “patch” somewhere outside the herb garden proper.
incanum) or Spanish horehound (M. supinum), which is more compact and has pinkish flowers, but both of these are hardy only to Zone 7. Creative gardeners have found ways of showing off common horehound to its best advantage, however, teaming it with herbs of contrasting foliage such as tarragon and oregano, rue, southernwood, and butterfly weed.
Horehound tolerates poor, dry soil and is thus a fine choice for a xeriscape, especially in difficult sites such as next to driveways and sidewalks. Indoors, horehound (pruned to keep it in-bound) can join small-leaved scented geraniums and upright and creeping thymes in dish gardens. The tops dry well and are attractive in either dried or fresh arrangements with artemisias, sages, bronze fennel, lemon verbena, myrtle, yarrow leaves, and variegated ivy, to suggest just a few possibilities.
Gardeners disagree whether propagation from root divisions and cuttings is difficult; divisions are taken in spring and cuttings in late summer. Layering is another propagation option. However, there is little need for any of these strategies, as horehound self-sows in the garden with no special treatment, and you will soon have all the plants you can use.
Learn about growing white horehound in the herb garden, including white horehound history and a gardening guide. During the seder feast of the Jewish Passover celebration, a bitter herb is eaten to remind those present of the bitterness of captivity in Egypt. White horehound (Marrubium uulgare) is thought to be one of the five plants originally prescribed for this purpose.
It was touted as an antidote to vegetable poisons, snakebite, and the bite of a mad dog. Many of these old prescriptions have since been discredited, but ancient and modern herbalists are in perfect agreement on one point: Horehound is very effective for clearing congested lungs. These pulmonary cleansing qualities seem to be brought into play regardless of the form in which the herb is administered.
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The herb is most familiar to us today in the guise of the bittersweet candy still sold in some stores, its distinctive flavor barely masked by syrup and brown sugar. A denizen of dry, rocky ground, horehound is now probably as common in the U.S. as it is over its native range of Europe and Asia.
Its squarish, stooping stems are seldom branched, and its drooping leaves, ovate and arranged opposite each other, are hoary and wrinkled - Click here. Like many other members of the mint family, horehound blooms along the upper stalk at the leaf junctures, its small, white, snapdragon-like flowers forming dense coronal clusters. Horehound may be cultivated wherever there is sun and sufficient soil to cover the seed.
Once the seedlings have developed and are thinned to 12 inches apart, they will thrive with little attention. Though the plants won't blossom until the year after they're started, they can be harvested during the first year so long as no more than one-third of the top growth is removed.
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To make old-fashioned horehound cough drops, boil a quarter of a cup of the leaves in 2 cups of water for 10 minutes; discard the leaves. Add twice as much honey as the remaining liquid and stir the mixture smooth. Then blend 2 cups of sugar with 1/8 teaspoon of cream of tartar in a saucepan, and add the honey-horehound mixture.
Then lower the flame and continue stirring until a dollop of the candy forms a hard ball when dropped into cold water. At that point, you can pour the syrup into a buttered baking dish and cut it into small squares as the candy begins to harden. Finally, roll the confections in powdered and then granulated sugar and store them in airtight containers.
wikiHow’s team of trained editors and researchers May 6, 2019 Horehound, also known as Marrubium vulgare, is a drought-tolerant plant in the mint family. These tough plants are hardy in zones 4-8 and bloom in the summer (Seeds). In addition to attracting bees, horehound is edible and can be used to make tea, candy, or cough drops.
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Perennial 4 - 8 18 - 24 inches Summer White Full Sun Moist, well-drained, pH 6.1 - 7.8 Yes 65F 2 - 3 weeks No 1/4 inch 2 - 3 seeds per plant Keep moist until germination 10 inches - You can grow Horehound seeds and use the perennial herb plant in your own soothing teas, or if you are adventurous, in your own homemade candy.
Marrubium Vulgare Horehound can be established from herb seeds and harvested the first year. This woody perennial has hairy stems covered with 2-inch, toothed, downy, gray-green leaves. The leaves have a wooly crinkled appearance. Small, off-white hairy flowers are born in summer (often start out as lilac or pale lilac) on the 8 - 24 inch tall and wide plant.
It's a great companion plant for tomatoes and peppers as an added bonus. Grow the Horehound herb plants in any well-drained soil in full sun. Keep cutting back for new flushes of growth and extended harvests. The leaves and flowers lose their flavor quickly, so snip them into smaller pieces to dry on screens.
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Cut the flowers and harvest it heavily each season as this plant is a liberal self-sower, dropping its own Horehound seeds and spreading. How To Grow Horehound Seeds: Sow the flower seeds indoors on sterile starting mix. Keep the Horehound seeds moist until germination. Once frost season has passed and 2 leaves have formed on the seedlings, they are ready to transplant into the garden in a sunny location.
It self-seeds readily and rapidly! The flowers should be cut BEFORE they dry and form seeds. This is one of the reasons it's considered a noxious weed in Victoria, Southern and Western Australia plus parts of New South Wales. IF left on its own it can spread to the point of covering entire pastures.
Cut the flowers and harvest it heavily each season and you should be fine. Horehound is not picky about soil---except if it's wet and heavy. It can even grow in dry, rocky ground in full sun! The seed can be sown in the spring after the frost ends. The plant will bloom the second season, but can be harvested the first year since it's the leaves that are mainly used.
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During the second season, cut it immediately after it flowers. The leaves and flowers lose their flavor quickly, so snip them into smaller pieces to dry on screens. When dry, crumble and store in jars. Horehound is hardy to Zone 4 and will grow to about 2 foot tall (grow organic vegetables). The leaves are soft and have a wooly crinkled appearance.
It's a great companion plant for tomatoes and peppers as an added bonus! Now, back to using horehound in candy and tea. It's been used for centuries for coughs and other ailments. The FDA took it off the approved list, but not because it was harmful. They didn't see enough scientific evidence to consider it a medicine.
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Make sure you buy or are growing the proper horehound. There is black horehound, Ballota nigra which is not related. Also bugleweed, Lycopus virginicus, is known as water horehound, but again, it is not related. These plants have their own benefits, but they shouldn't be used interchangeably. People with low blood pressure, heart conditions or those using any type of insulin or related meds should avoid horehound.
The tea can be especially potent, more than the candy, so avoid that at all times if you fit into any of these categories. It's always better to be safe! If you aren't scared off at this point (which I hope you aren't!) you can use the following recipes with either fresh or dried horehound.
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Shaudys Ingredients:2 cups fresh horehound, leaves, stems and flowers (or 1 cup dried)2 1/2 quarts water3 cups brown sugar1/2 cup corn syrup1 tsp. cream of tartar1 tsp. butter1 tsp. lemon juice (or 1 sprig lemon balm) In large saucepan, cover horehound with water. Bring to boil, simmer 10 minutes. Strain thru cheesecloth and allow tea to settle.
Add brown sugar, corn syrup, cream of tartar. Boil, stirring often, until mixture reaches 240 F. Add butter. Continue to boil until candy reaches 300F (hard crack). Remove from heat, add lemon juice - growfoodguide. Pour at once into buttered 8" square pan. As candy cools, score into squares. Remove from pan as soon as it is cool.
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HOREHOUND COUGH SYRUP The recipes vary with the cough syrup. Mainly on the amount of sweetener. Horehound does have a bitter taste. Some people can take it more than others. But then again, the cough syrup or cough drops that work the best never taste good. Here is a basic recipe for the cough syrup.
Remove from heat and allow it to sit for 5 more minutes. Strain out the horehound using cheesecloth or a very fine strainer. (you don't want particles left in the syrup). Add honey and lemon and stir until it is combined. Pour into a glass jar and cover. Use one tablespoon as needed.
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anise seed (optional) Place the herbs into a pan, add water and simmer for about 20 minutes. Strain the tea, pressing the herbs as you strain. Add the honey and the juice of the lemon. You may add more honey if you wish. Sip it warm. 2-3 cups per day as needed.
, also called Common Horehound, Woolly Horehound, Houndsbane, Soldier's Tea, and Hoarhound. The common name comes from the Old English words har and hune, meaning downy plant. This name refers to the white hairs that give the herb its distinctive appearance. It is also suggested that horehound takes its name from Horus, the Egyptian god of sky and light.
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Vulgare means "common". It is native to central and western Asia, southern Europe, and northern Africa, but has become naturalised worldwide and in some places it is considered a noxious weed. It grows in disturbed land, fields, semi-dry areas, and along roadsides. was once regarded as an anti-magical herb, having the power to break magic spells and repel witches.
It was used in ancient times for fevers, malaria, an antidote to snakebite, rabid dogs, poison, killing flies, tree cankerworms and in magic ritual. Horehound was regularly used for problems of the respiratory system, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, liver, brain and nervous system conditions, disorders of the stomach, and for hepatitis. It has also been used in restoring the normal balance of secretions by various organs and glands of the body, thypoid fever and in expelling worms.
It has been used in decoction form for sore throats and combined with fenugreek, licorice and thyme as a tea to loosen heavy mucous. CAUTION: Horehound contains marrubin - a chemical compound used as an expectorant. Large doses are purgative and can cause an irregular heartbeat. Studies suggest that using white horehound over an extended period of time may lead to high blood pressure.
This plant should only be taken as needed and not on a regular basis. White horehound is never to be used while pregnant or breastfeeding. Horehound use may upset people with ulcers or stomach problems. Although somewhat bitter and possessing a unique, pungent flavor, the fresh or dried leaves are edible and can be used as a seasoning or flavoring, made into a medicinal tea, candy and Horehound ale, an appetizing and healthful beverage.
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Horehound is an important bee herb but is also used as a natural repellent against grasshoppers, making it an excellent companion plant for tomatoes. White Horehound is a hardy plant, easily grown, and flourishes best in a dry, poor soil. It can be propagated from seeds sown in spring, by division, and by cuttings in late summer.
If raised from seed, the seedlings should be planted out in the spring, in rows, with a space of about 9 inches or more between each plant. No further culture will be needed than weeding. It does not blossom until it is two years old. The plant is bushy, producing numerous annual, quadrangular and branching stems, a foot or more in height.
It blooms from April to September. The flower clusters dry to form brown burrs with small hooked spines. Each burr contains four small spear-shaped seeds. The oval shaped, downy leaves are gray -green on top and white below, with thick veins making it appear scalloped or wrinkled, and about 2" long and covered with woolly hairs.
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1/8" Deep 18" Apart 14-21 Days 68° F75 Spring Full Sun Well drained Tomatoes and peppers 75 When starting horehound from seeds, they are best sown during spring time (gardening). Seed is most viable when used within three years. Choose a location that has a good southern exposure, with dry and poor soil.
Pay attention to your horehound plants, and give care to prevent seeds from forming. Clip any unused flowers, because if it matures and drops its seeds, the plant will quickly over run the entire garden area. Try to harvest while the plant is just beginning to flower. Flowering can happen more than once a year, sometime between June and September.
Tie the leaves or flowers into bundles and hang in a dry area, out of direct sunlight. Once dried, chop them and store in an airtight container.
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Our ancestors used herbs to treat and cure many ailments. More and more, modern science is validating ancient knowledge. White horehound, which had many medicinal uses in the past and remains popular as cough drops, has been found to be effective at clearing out lungs and stopping coughs. There are three types of horehound: Water Horehound (Lycopus americanus) which is related to the bugleweed, Black (Stinking) Horehound (Ballota nigra) and White Horehound (Marrubium vulgare), Both black horehound and white horehound are in the mint family.
White horehound is native to all of Europe, Asia and the northern part of Africa. It was transported to North America by the European colonists who brought it over with other medicinal herbs for their gardens. It has now naturalized throughout North America. It is perennial in zones 3 through 10.
Rather, the wrinkled leaves, covered with white hairs giving it its name, grow around the stem. It grows 18 to 24 inches tall. White horehound requires full sun and prefers poor, dry, sandy soils. It does well in a xeriscape. Bloom time is from June to September. Propagation is by seed, cuttings or division.
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Growing from seed is easy. The seed can be direct sown in your garden in either the spring or the fall (for germination the following spring). If you want to start your seeds indoors, you get better germination if you cold stratify your seeds. To cold stratify, sow your seeds and then place them in your refrigerator for about a month.