Peanuts are also referred to as groundnut that has the absolute best protein of any fruit…
You cannot grow anything anywhere at any place or time. There are certain growing conditions are required for the upbringing of the peanut plant. There is a certain biotic and abiotic factor required for the proper vegetative and reproductive growth of the plant. Here in this article, I will tell about the complete guide where can you grow peanuts?
Types of growing condition:
You can grow peanuts in two different types of growing conditions.
- Directly into soil ground
- In container
You can grow peanut by sowing seed directly into the soil. you can sow peanut seeds directly into the bottom where the soil is warm. In well-drained soil-plant 2-3 inches deep. In clay, soil-plant should be 1-1/2 to 2 inches deep. Seeds should be spaced 6-8 inches apart then thinned to permit 18 inches between plants. To avoid washing space plants in double rows along with staggering seeds that are 18 inches apart.
Growing peanut in the container:
It is a little tougher to grow peanuts in containers because pots restrict the quantity of space the underground parts of the plant can reach. Choose a pot that is a minimum of 20 inches across and 18 inches deep per plant. Take great care of your containers. The container should have drainage holes and mix the potting mixture with garden soil. Place the pot under sunshine and keep it well watered but it should not be waterlogged.
Fill the seed tray with potting soil or potting mixture, then sow seeds at the depth of 3cm. cover them up with a skinny layer of soil. Also, note the peanut seeds you obtain for sowing must remain in their shell and you ought to open them just before planting. After every one week or two, the seeds will germinate. Let the seedling grow on a small amount and replant them in individual pots.
Selection of Containers:
Peanut develops its pod from 5-10cm under the bottom, so select a pot that is a minimum of 30 cm deep and 40-50cm wide. Confirm the pots have sufficient drainage holes. You will grow 2-3 plants in such a pot.
Location of container:
Peanut is a tropical plant, so it required some humid and warm conditions to grow. Always place a container in the sunniest spot, however less breezy then our terrace or porch. The plant cannot survive in temperature under 32oF. It blossoms and gives the fruit a temperature between 70-95oF.
Factor required for growing peanuts:
There is a certain factor required for the growth of the peanuts. you can also sow peanut seeds directly into the bottom where the soil is warm. In well-drained soil-plant 2-3 inches deep. In clay, soil-plant should be 1-1/2 to 2 inches deep. Seeds should be spaced 6-8 inches apart then thinned to permit 18 inches between plants. To avoid washing space plants in double rows along with staggering seeds that are 18 inches apart.
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Location of peanut cultivation:
Grow peanuts during a location with a minimum of eight hours of direct sunlight per day. Due to low outdoor temperature, many gardeners should start peanut seeds indoors using peat or biodegradable pots that may be placed directly into the garden when the soil temperature reaches 65oF. you can also sow peanut seeds directly into the bottom where the soil is warm. In well-drained soil-plant 2-3 inches deep. In clay, soil-plant should be 1-1/2 to 2 inches deep. Seeds should be spaced 6-8 inches apart then thinned to permit 18 inches between plants. To avoid washing space plants in double rows along with staggering seeds that are 18 inches apart.
Plants usually produce a tiny low yellow flower after 30-40 days. Each flower produces an extended pointed peg that pushes into the soil to create a peanut. When the plants are a few feet tall, mound soil around the base of the plant to permit more pegs to the line, because the plants keep setting flowers and mature pegs at different times.
Peanuts perform best in well-drained, light, sandy loam soils. Clay, rocky and other hard soils should be avoided because they maintain water and may freeze in low temperatures, damaging rhizomes. Hard soil also can cause malformed peanuts pods to abruption and harder harvests. Amending your soil by tilling 4-6 inches of organic matter will help with water drainage and soil density. If your soil is compacted or composed of clay, then add organic material like compost to interrupt it up. Like other root crops, peanut plants required space between the soil particles where their pegs or peduncles can grow. A pH level of 6 to 6.5 is good but anything between 5-7 is suitable.
They need warm weather throughout the season. They will be grown with as little as 350mm of water except for best yields that need a minimum of 500mm. Counting on growing conditions and therefore the cultivar of peanut, the harvest is sometimes after 90-130 days after planting for subspecies. A. fastigiata needs 120-150 days after planting for subspecies. A. h. hypogaea type yields more and is usually preferred where the growing seasons are sufficiently long.
Maintaining the soil moisture level:
Peanuts are drought tolerant and will be planted after heavy rainfall has stopped for the year, while they can withstand every week of flooded soil, it should drain well so that rhizome growth is not suffering from waterlogged soil. On average your peanuts should be once in every week but water them deeply whenever the primary inch of soil is dry. You will be able to provide humidity for your peanuts by laying rocks on top of your soil and spraying them with water during the afternoon.
Proper watering is the key to successful peanut growth. Keep seed and young plants moist after planting until germination. From that point until the flower set, the plant needs about 1 inch of rain or water each week. After 50-100 days after planting, keep the soil consistently moist to permit pegs to develop.
Mostly peanuts are shallow-rooted then hand weeding is effective around the plants. Once pegs begin to develop, place a 1-2-inch layer of mulch around the plants to take care of moisture which ultimately reduces weeds. Stop watering about a fortnight before harvesting peanuts. Avoid overhead watering which might damage the leaves.
Temperature plays a vital role in peanut growth and production. While they like warm weather, peanuts are frost tolerant and able to grow in areas with a mean low winter temperature of 15oF. Peanuts reach their peak growing performance in soil temperatures between 70 and 80oF. You will be able to help maintain soil temperature by laying down a 2-inch layer of mulch on top of your soil. If you are growing peanuts in a very cooler climate, then plant them on a south-facing wall to urge the foremost heat. Flower formation is broken in temperature above 93oF and growth stops completely in temperature below 57oF.
Peanuts perform best under full sunshine but can tolerate partial shade also which is up to half the day. When planted within the shade, peanut leaves will become larger and can produce fewer reproductive organs but yields would not suffer unless planted in a shaded area.
For enrichment of soil:
As a leguminous crop, the peanut belongs to the botanical family Fabaceae, which commonly referred to as the bean or pea family. Like other Leguminosae crops, it acts as a harbor for nitrogen-fixing bacteria in root nodules. The capacity to amend nitrogen means peanuts require less nitrogen-containing fertilizer and also improve soil fertility which makes them valuable in crop rotation.
Peanuts grow best in light, sandy loam soil with a pH of 5.9-7. Their capacity to mend nitrogen implies that providing the nodule properly. Peanuts benefit little or not the least bit from nitrogen-containing fertilizer and they improve soil fertility. Therefore, they are valuable in crop rotation. Side by side the yield of the peanut crop itself is increased in rotations by reducing the diseases, pests, and weeds.
Hopefully, through this article, you can get a complete overview of what condition you can grow peanuts.