As you look at your own grocery receipt then it became a dream for you to buy fresh healthy organic food, but don’t worry here in this article I’ll tell you how to establish your own organic garden to enjoy fresh and healthy vegetables at home.
Installing and maintaining an organic garden is very different from establishing a common regular garden. By using simple tools and planting techniques, you can get a high yield of different crops in it’s your own organic garden. The success of your garden depends on the choice of plants according to your climate region. Exercising biological protection against pest enhance the integrity of your crops. The first starts with few plants than increases the number as you get more experience. Here are the tips to establish your own organic garden.
Steps to establish an organic garden:
First of all, choose the right place to establish an organic garden. Always choose the place which is best exposed to sunlight at least 7hours a day and had great airflow. Organic gardens divided into different types on the basis of place.
Terrace organic garden:
If you don’t have a ground and backyard lawn or you live on apartments, then no need to worry you can even change your terrace into a beautiful garden but one thing to remember you should check the durability and strength of the roof side by side also done waterproofing to establish an organic garden on the terrace.
Balcony organic garden:
On balconies, there’s usually limited restricted area and so a little creativeness is required to ensure that you can get maximum advantage. Whether it’s a vertical garden, a low lying raised planter or some Bacsac textile planters we’ll find a solution to ensure you can establish your own vegetable garden.
Patio organic garden:
you can convert your patio into a sanctuary of an organic garden. By using large or small raised beds, plant pots or cultivation tables we can ensure you can develop your own organic garden. A vegetable garden will complement the ornamental plants you already have, or just as easily become the central character of the space.
Backyard organic garden:
You can put in an organic garden on community land and on personal backyard land, those would give advantage for the house where they built. A smart layout, associated with an organic vegetable garden patch ultimately gives you a decent yield and quality crop throughout the year.
You have an option that you might choose an open filed cultivation system or form raised beds directly from the soil.
Make a proper Layout
After selecting the right space make a proper layout on paper according to the area where you want to establish an organic garden. Make proper raise bed if you use land otherwise choose the right placement of pots and pits to grow the plant. Then make a proper path and establish the source of water according to the conditions and given space.
Material required to establish an organic garden
Organic agriculture may be a comparatively simple method that uses several of an equivalent provides that regular agriculture needs. If you do not have already got them, purchase a rake, a hoe, compost, mulch and seed or seedlings. Other associated things will facilitate your garden to realize its potential. Soaker hoses or drip systems will make sure that your garden temperature and wet levels stay consistent and controlled, increasing the possibilities that you will have a full harvest floating row garden covers, neem, and horticultural oil can deter particularly insistent pests without the use of pesticides.
Preparation of Soil
For organic gardening, the soil is the most important thing. You can enrich the soil by continuous addition of organic matter into the soil which can be gathered by any possible aspects. If we want to establish an organic garden with healthy plants, then thoroughly prepare the soil on which they grow.
Plants required food for their growth which they ultimately get from the soil. For better growth of the plants, soil should be enriched with the micro and macronutrients. Proper enrichment of the soil provides all nutrients which help in the proper growth of the plant.
Chemical soil treatments not only destroy the soil composition, however they conjointly damage the essential microorganism, worm and beneficial microorganism within the soil. First of all, take a look at the soil pH, you will be able to check this by buying a testing kit by making soil sample for analysis.
Make Good compost
Compost helps in providing plants with nutrients, helps conserve water, helps within the reduction of weeds and helps to keep food as well as yard waste out of landfills.
Compost will be obtained or made up of regionally on the market resources like leaves, grass trimmings, yard garbage, and room waste. As an alternative, compost is instantly on the market for purchase from mulch suppliers or organic garden centers. You will be able to use these steps in creating compost.
- First of all, measure the space of at least three square feet.
- Now make a pile of natural dead plants or leaves.
- Add alternating layers of leaves, garden trimmings, and nitrogen materials, for instance, kitchen leftovers and manure. Put a layer or separate them with a layer of soil.
- Cover the heap of dry leaves and twigs with about 4-6 inches of soil.
- Turn the pile every time and add a new layer is added to the mixture. During this process, ensure that water is added to keep the mixture moist to enhance microorganism activity.
- The compost is not smelled but in case it may be, add some more dry leaves, sawdust or straw and then turn it repeatedly. Do this for about four weeks or a month and you will have good compost needed for your organic garden.
Prepare your Organic garden
As the compost gets ready, then the next step is to prepare your organic garden according to your layout plane. Most important is to select the right type of soil which also good according to your weather conditions. For organic garden make the rightproportion of sand, silt and clay then mix up with compost and enrich with farmyard manure. After preparing the soil put into a container, earthen pots, plastic pots, pits if you are making terrace and balcony organic garden. Second is to make proper raise beds, furrow if you want to establish backyard organic garden. Raise bed is the most effective way for the organic garden.
Chose the right plant
Once the soil is prepared than the next step is to sow the seed or plant the seedlings. For this purpose, always choose the plant according to the agro-climatic condition of your region. It is essential to settle on the plant that may flourish well in specific micro-conditions of your soil kind. Thoroughly select plants that may thrive well in several spots in your garden in terms of moisture, light and drain yet because of the soil quality. Always select a healthier plant because they are more resistant to diseases and able to grow with minimal input.
Vegetable grow in cool weather are
Vegetables grow in warm weather are
- Green Beans
Develop raised bed in organic garden for seedling
When planting your crops make sure that you plant them in wide beds. Planting them in beds prevents you from walking on them and destroying the soil texture once gathering or harvesting the vegetable and help in reducing weeds, wastage of water and make it easier for you to use compost. In additionally allow the plants to utilize the nutrients and water. Make sure that their adequate space between the rows. This helps in promoting air circulation that helps in removing the fungus attack.
Once you sow the seed or plant seedling the next step is watering them. Water the plant right after planting for their proper growth and establishment. You have to water them every morning because in the morning there are no strong winds and at the morning temperature is cool and the rate of evaporation is reduced. Experts recommend considerable, infrequent watering for plants that are already established.
Weeds compete with plants for water, light, space, and nutrients Moreover, they reduce the quality of food by contaminating them. They also serve as hosts for many plants and also provide shelter to the insect. To cope with the situation use physical weed barriers in the organic garden and protect them from weeds. You can also have done manual weeding it is not only the best source of fresh air but also good physical exercise.
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Enrichment of organic garden with nutrients
You can enrich the soil in many ways. Agricultural lime is a natural product frequently added to soil to improve its quality. It is produced from naturally occurring limestone and is added to the soil to optimize its pH if the soil is too acidic. Soil pH levels vary from one locality to another. However, most soils do not need additional liming.
You can improve the level of nitrogen in the soil by growing nodules forming crops prior to the growth of actual plants. Nodules are rich in nitrogen-fixing bacteria and they absorb nitrogen from the air and fix them into the soil. You also improve your soil by adding farmyard manure into the soil.
Protect your organic garden from pest
As we did organic gardening then we have to protect the plant through eco-friendly ways from pest rather than using pesticides. A diverse garden would help to prevent pests, by limiting the amount of one type of plant and g
ives a boost to biodiversity.
Instead of using chemical pesticides, organic gardening stresses on encouraging beneficial insects
and companion planting.Organic growers need not remove insects and diseases by using chemicals. Rather,
pest control is done by keeping pests and diseases below damaging levels. One of the major mechanisms is by promoting beneficial insects and pest predators such as bats, birds, lizards, toads, and spiders.
You can also control the population of pests through growing companion crops that act as ecological niche of these species. Nipping off infected leaves or buds, uprooting infected crops, crop rotation, and handpicking insect pests and eggs are excellent methods for controlling pest populations. Maintaining garden cleanliness is another effective tool for organic pest control. The natural spray also used to protect the garden from pests.
Harvesting the food
During the top harvest season, you’ll probably find that it’s best to check your garden every day. If you want to use fresh vegetables, harvest them right before you want them. But if you’ll be drying and storage them, it’s best to wait until just before they flower, since they’ll have the most flavor. Gather all herbs except basil in mid-morning, after the dew has dried up. Harvest basil in the late afternoon, since it will last longer after some time in the sun.
When harvesting leafy greens, pick irregularly from the entire crop, a little from each plant. For broccoli, wait until the central head is as large as it will get, before distribution off buds for flowering. Cut it off right above the leaf node, and you’ll likely get better production from the rest of the plant. In general, it’s best to cut produce off with a sharp knife or scissors versus ripping with your fingers, which can cause more damage to plant tissue.
Maintaining the organic garden
There are some important to maintain tips for your organic garden. Which are
- Watering in the mornings
- Use of compost
- Use of one-year-old farmyard manure
- Weeding at the right time
- Prune regularly to allow for proper aeration and effective use of nutrients including light.
Benefits of Organic Garden:
Here are following benefits of organic garden
Economical: It lowers the cost of production because it cut down the money spent on pesticides and synthetic fertilizers.
Boost physical exercise: Organic gardening can be an enjoyable and meaningful way to boost physical exercise.
Connect with nature: The outdoor environment also offers a refreshing means of connecting with nature, sunshine and fresh air, acting as a stress reliever.
Environment conservation: Organic gardening is the surest way of preserving a healthy and green environment by ensuring ecological balance and minimal disturbance to the natural environment.
Improve soil quality: Organic matter used to prepare the soil also helps to improve the soil quality.
Reduce Greenhouse gas emission: Crops that contain chemicals release these chemicals into the atmosphere in the form of greenhouse gasses. Organic garden reduces the amount of greenhouse gas emissions.
Better Taste: Fresh vegetables and fruits from the garden have always tasted better and have natural flavor.
Healthier: Fresh vegetables are good for health.
Satisfaction: Growing and eating organic food generate through organic garden give you an enormous sense of satisfaction.
Waste Management: Organic farming is a secret weapon against waste management. In it, kitchen waste can be used as compost which in return added into the soil of the organic garden.
I hope you got all the tips to establish your own organic garden so what are you waiting for let’s make a road to healthier food.